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Wiedergänger, Pilger, Indianer

Polen-Metonymien im langen 19. Jahrhundert

Series:

Heinrich Kirschbaum

Die Beiträge des Bandes nehmen Rhetoriken von Ganzheit und Zersplitterung in den Blick, mit denen das geteilte und staatenlos gewordene Polen im langen 19. Jahrhundert imaginiert wird. Die entscheidende Rolle kommt dabei der Figur der Metonymie zu, die in der Forschung immer noch im Schatten ihrer «Gegenspielerin», der Metapher, steht. Das vorliegende Buch lotet neue Ansätze und Perspektiven einer Forschungsrichtung aus, die man als «postkoloniale Identitätstropologie» bezeichnen könnte.

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Daniela Moldoveanu

The book sets out identity of metaphor in the literary discourse from a comparative perspective and links it with the ontological metaphor of identity. The author analyses both American and Romanian texts such as Lucian Blaga’s lyrosophical hermeneutics, Ileana Mălăncioiu, Mariana Marin and Sylvia Plath’s lyrical tirades, and Max Blecher’s poetic novels. She points out that ipseity is a trace of the postmodern bivalent condition that uses the vivid metaphor mechanism to describe its ontological lability as strength.

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Ivo Komsic

The Theory of Social Pulsation is a new social theory elaborated from the social phenomenology and philosophy of sciences’ standpoint. It represents an innovative interpretation of social phenomena postulated as active states of social actors including individuals, social groups, and social facts (organizations, institutions, systems). As an active state of social actors, pulsation is defined by eight variables that constitute social phenomena as a whole: (a) intention, (b) reaction, (c) reflection, (d) communication, (e) institutionalization, (f) internalization, (g) structuration, and (h) innovation.

Ivo Komsic argues that social states are pulsating and within those states, social causality is transferred from one social actor to another. Social actors continuously transfer social causality from one to another, depending on the intensity of its pulsation. Balanced or unbalanced, functional or dysfunctional, consensual or imposed, a system will be classified in the presence or absence of one of these phenomena, by its greater or lesser intensity. The theory posits a new paradigm that tends to overcome the "eternal" problem in sociology—relations between individuals as social actors and social structure, that is, "social statics" and "social dynamics," the role of the great historical personalities and the "objective law of history," freedom and necessity in social action, micro and macro social levels.

The model of social communication analyzed in the book can be used as a general model of social and political communication, particularly in multiethnic and multicultural societies considering the contemporary state of affairs globally.

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Migration in Theologie und Kunst

Transdisziplinäre Annäherungen

Series:

Hanjo Sauer and Julia Allerstorfer

Die Beiträge untersuchen disziplinübergreifend das Phänomen Migration. Die AutorInnen betrachten Migration als ein konstitutives Element der Menschheitsgeschichte und als globales Zukunftsthema. Spätestens seit Beginn der Flüchtlingswelle aus Syrien nach Europa und auch Österreich in den Sommermonaten 2015 ist diese Thematik integraler Bestandteil medialer, politischer und öffentlicher Kontroversen. Migration ist kein modernes Phänomen. Wanderungsprozesse aufgrund existenzieller Bedrohungen oder Hoffnung auf bessere Lebensbedingungen anderswo hat es immer gegeben. Die BeiträgerInnen diskutieren Migration aus den Perspektiven der Theologie, Philosophie und der Kunstwissenschaft. Die Bandbreite der Sujets reicht hierbei von alttestamentarischen Bibelstellen bis hin zum Europa der Neuzeit, über Kolonialismus, Imperialismus und Globalisierung. Aus kunstwissenschaftlicher Perspektive wird der Migrationsbegriff hinsichtlich unterschiedlicher Epochen und Kunstgattungen aufbereitet.

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Regina Egetenmeyer, Sabine Schmidt-Lauf and Vanna Boffo

This volume analyses adult education and lifelong learning as international phenomena, which have a strong influence on professionals working in this field. Based on the 2016 Würzburg Winter School, the book identifies influences on policy at local, national and international levels. It examines the internationalization of adult education and emphasizes the emergence of different dimensions of professionalism in adult education.

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"Wooden Man"?

Masculinities in the Work of J.M. Coetzee (Boyhood, Youth and Summertime)

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Daniel Matias

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Parlons vin !/Sprechen wir über Wein!

Dicophrases français-allemand/Deutsch-Französisches Satzwörterbuch

Paul Laveau and Dietrich Ellger

Vu l’intensité des échanges dans le domaine du vin, une communication précise entre pays francophones et germanophones est indispensable. Plutôt que des mots isolés, cet ouvrage propose des phrases entières, à la formulation précise, grammaticalement exactes, construites autour de notions, faits, éléments, informations, descriptions et problématiques spécifiques. Ces près de 2000 phrases partent de données authentiques et sont ancrées dans la réalité professionnelle.

Les deux auteurs, à l’expérience professionnelle et linguistique complémentaire, s’attachent à fournir ici non pas des notions purement théoriques, mais des outils directement utilisables d’une langue à l’autre, conformément à des situations et actions réelles. La progression est logique et chronologique, couvrant tout le processus de vinification, faisant de ce livre un ouvrage de référence simple et pratique à utiliser.

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Identity and Loss of Historical Memory

The Destruction of Archives

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Igor Filippov and Flocel Sabaté

Archives are the documentary memory of each society and so they become one of the pillars of its identity. Its destruction is sometimes accidental, but it is often deliberate in order to remove the ties with the past. The new times that revolutions attempt to reach usually involve forceful and symbolic ruptures with former identity, including the destruction of the economic, administrative and historical documentation. This book collects updated texts written by outstanding researchers from an initial Congress held in Moscow in 2006 in order to analyze the causes and consequences of the destructive violence against archives boasted during revolutionary turmoils. The studies pay special attention to the first important contempt and destruction of documentation, during the French Revolution; continue studying the damages to archives during 19th century; and culminated analyzing the effects of Russian Revolution over the documentation and the evolution until the end of the Soviet period.

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McLuhan and Symbolist Communication

The Shock of Dislocation

Andrea Lombardinilo

With an interview with Derrick de Kerckhove.

Symbolism as a parataxis, as a «jazz of the intellect»: this is the starting point of this research, inspired by a socio-literary interpretation of Marshall McLuhan’s mediology and developed from a diachronic and exegetic perspective. According to the Canadian sociologist, the footsteps that led to this electric era can be traced through the study of certain writers and poets, whose symbolism provides a number of sociological hints foreshadowing our media modernity. This book aims to investigate the role of symbolism in McLuhan’s sociological research, by outlining how the study of memory and the analysis of literary tradition are fundamental to understanding the complex development of communication and cultural studies. The research presented here focuses on the function of symbols as interpretative keys for the study of media carried out by McLuhan. It is exactly in this artistic movement that the sociologist finds the opportunity to analyse the representative practices (irrational and linear) of modern men, shaped by the reticular patterns of the mind. From this perspective, McLuhan identifies the creative process that lies at the root of symbolist poetry, identified as «a disposition, a parataxis, of components that draws a particular intuition through precise links, but without a point of view, that is a linear connection or sequential order».

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Les « Emblèmes » d’André Alciat

Introduction, texte latin, traduction et commentaire d’un choix d’emblèmes sur les animaux

Series:

Anne Andenmatten

L’humaniste et juriste milanais André Alciat (1492-1550) est connu pour être le créateur de ce qui deviendra, au cours du XVIe siècle, le genre de l’emblème, caractérisé par sa structure tripartite (inscriptio, pictura, subscriptio). L’Emblematum liber, publié pour la première fois en 1531, réédité à de nombreuses reprises, augmenté de poèmes supplémentaires et de nouvelles illustrations durant le XVIe siècle, contient plus de 200 emblèmes. Le présent commentaire étudie un choix de 75 emblèmes consacrés aux animaux. L’introduction aborde les différentes problématiques en lien avec les emblèmes et offre une synthèse des principales observations tirées de l’analyse du corpus. Le commentaire adopte une forme adaptée à ce genre hybride : pour chaque poème, il présente un choix de gravures issues des principales éditions, afin de mesurer l’évolution des motifs et leur adéquation au texte, puis une traduction française en prose des épigrammes latines, suivie d’un commentaire mettant en évidence la structure de la subscriptio, ses procédés stylistiques, ses sources d’inspiration et son interprétation symbolique.