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Simon Bennett

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Das Konzept des kollektiven ‹‹iǧtihād›› und seine Umsetzungsformen

Analyse der Organisation und Arbeitsweise islamischer Rechtsakademien

Ahmed Gad Makhlouf

Das Aufkommen der Moderne und eine mit ihr einhergehende zunehmend globalisierte Welt hinterlassen auch ihre Spuren in der islamischen Normenlehre. So zeichnet sich ein Wandel einer ihrer Schlüsselbegriffe und bedeutendsten Instrumente, des iǧtihād, ab, welcher sich von nun an nicht mehr nur als individueller, sondern auch als kollektiver Reflexionsakt präsentiert. Dieser Entwicklung lag die Umstrukturierung des heutigen islamischen Rechts zugrunde. Das Interesse dieser Arbeit gilt deshalb der Untersuchung des kollektiven iǧtihād sowohl in der Theorie, als auch in der Praxis. Diese Studie legt den inhaltlichen und theoretischen Rahmen des kollektiven iǧtihād durch die innermuslimischen Diskurse dar und typisiert seine weltweit verbreiteten Institutionen. Dazu analysiert sie eingehend die Struktur und Arbeitsweise dreier exemplarischer Gremien.

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Michal Glowinski

Edited by Jan Burzynski

This book presents a collection of essays discussing a history of the five myths of Dionysus, Narcissus, Prometheus, Marcolf, and Labyrinth in twentieth-century literature. The author traces their transformations against the wider backdrop of Polish and European literature. The book is an excellent, thought-provoking lesson in understanding the signs of contemporary culture and a fascinating journey through its complex trails.

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Qun Wang

This book analyzes the patterns of and factors associated with health seeking behavior and out-of-pocket (OOP) spending on chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCDs) in rural Malawi. The author used descriptive statistics to describe treatment options and related household OOP expenditure on CNCDs and econometrics models to analyze factors influencing health seeking behavior and OOP expenditure on CNCDs. This study found that in spite of a context where care for CNCDs should in principle be free of charge at the point of use, the utilization rates of CNCD care are still low and OOP payments impose a considerable financial burden on rural households, especially among the poorest.

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The Anthropological Paradox

The Sociology of Knowledge as Perspective of the General Theory of Society


Radosław Sojak

This book seeks to analyse the categorial structure of sociological theory. The analysis is based on three assumptions: first, sociological theory is in a state of structural crisis; second, one of the symptoms of the crisis is the existence of many theoretical dichotomies which hinder the unification of sociological knowledge; and third, sociology of knowledge may analyse the causes of sociological theory’s structural crisis. Drawing on Foucault’s work, the author defines the source of theoretical crisis as an anthropological paradox: the involvement of man in a dialectic of being created and defined by what is objective while, at the same time, transcending this condition into the subjective. This study argues that insights found in works by Luhmann, Latour, Collins, Shapin, and others provide a chance for a formulation of a theoretical language for sociology that escapes the anthropological paradox.

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Childhood Memory Spaces

How Enduring Memories of Childhood Places Shape Our Lives

Roger C. Aden

Childhood Memory Spaces: How Enduring Memories of Childhood Places Shape Our Lives explores the places adults remember from their childhood. More specifically, it examines the questions "what kinds of places do we remember?" and "why do they linger in our memories?". The answers emerge from a variety of sources, including scholarship in cognitive science, environmental psychology, geography, communication, etc., but they are illustrated primarily through the over 100 stories told by adults who still vividly recall the places where key facets of their identity developed. Those stories reveal both that the answers are significantly more complex than one academic perspective can explain and that profoundly personal narratives can highlight their complexity in ways that scientific and social scientific research alone cannot.

This book meets a need to integrate related, yet independent, lines of research in the natural and social sciences—doing so with a decidedly humanistic touch. Specifically, the book offers an interdisciplinary exploration of how place, memory, and identity intersect as we craft our life stories while seeking what Kenneth Burke called equipment for living with the challenges that life presents along the way.

Weaving theory with personal narratives, Childhood Memory Spaces underscores a fundamental relationship: the stories of our lives are entwined with place, and we understand these stories (and ourselves) by reflecting upon the ways in which these memorable places have shaped, and continue to shape, our lives.

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Das geteilte Urteil

Die Literaturkritik und Christa Wolf

Vera Annette Klein

Die Vielfalt an Meinungen und Kontroversen, die Christa Wolf in der deutschsprachigen Literaturkritik hervorrief, ist außergewöhnlich – und überaus aufschlussreich, wie diese Analyse von Kritiken zu Wolfs belletristischem Werk aus Printmedien der DDR und der BRD von 1961 bis 1990 zeigt. Im Zentrum der Untersuchung stehen der Einfluss gesellschaftlicher wie politischer Vorgänge (sowie staatlicher Vorgaben und Zensurmaßnahmen im Sonderfall der DDR-Literaturkritik) auf die Rezensenten, der Wandel der Bewertungskriterien und der Einschätzung von Wolfs Werk im Verlauf der Jahrzehnte sowie die Wechselwirkungen zwischen der Kritik in der BRD und der Kritik in der DDR. Erstmals erschlossen werden zahlreiche Archivmaterialien, die Entstehungszusammenhänge diverser Rezensionen näher beleuchten.

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The Dilemma of China's Dryland Agriculture in Inner Mongolia

Economic Growth, Poverty Alleviation and Sustainability – The Difficulty to Develop the Idea of Environmentalism

Cilia Neumann

China must increase its agricultural production and yields of staple crops to guarantee food security. This leads to ever-increasing agricultural land-use in Inner Mongolia and has contributed to the environmental problems visible today. Vast economic development and involvement in globalized markets have all left a measurable mark on Inner Mongolia’s environment. The author provides insight into Inner Mongolia’s dryland agriculture, its agitators, environmental, social and political obstacles as well as opportunities. Conducted in Inner Mongolia, her research illustrates the development process of a sustainable agriculture and the evolution of environmental awareness in an economically and ecologically underdeveloped region.

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Edited by Robert Rinehart, Jacquie Kidd and Antonio Garcia Quiroga

This book is about exciting ethnographic happenings in the Global South. It brings together a wide range of authors who explore the spatial and temporal forms of various ethnographic projects, examining how individuals relate to their homes, their nation-states and their «moments» and trajectories. It also seeks to contest the twenty-first-century hegemonic colonialist project: to this end, the book includes a number of shorter chapters that are presented in both English and non-English versions. Finally, a clear contemporary Indigenous voice runs through the volume, reminding us of non-dominant ways of being in the world.