Recovering the Common Written Source Behind Mark and John
In this landmark study of the literary relationship between the gospel of John and the synoptic gospels, Gary Greenberg presents compelling evidence for the existence of a written pre-canonical Alpha gospel that contained almost all of the main episodes in the adult life of Jesus (excluding major speeches, such as discourses, parables, and "I Am" sayings) and which became the written source for the core biography of Jesus in Mark, Luke, John, and Matthew. While Mark used the Alpha gospel with only slight variations, John had profound theological disagreements with it, objecting to its theological message about how to obtain eternal life, the depiction of Jesus, and other matters. This induced him to rewrite the Alpha gospel so that it conformed to his own very different theological agenda. Consequently, John’s gospel functions as a thorough theological critique of Mark, but the changes he introduced made it difficult to see how he and Mark worked from the same written source. By using John’s theological concerns as a filter for reading and understanding what objections John would have with Mark’s Jesus stories, The Case for a Proto-Gospel reverse-engineers the editorial path taken by John and reconstructs the content of the Alpha gospel. Finally, the author discusses the relationship of the other two synoptic gospels to the Alpha gospel, asserting that Luke also knew the Alpha gospel but used Mark as his primary source, and that while Matthew did not know the Alpha gospel, his use of Mark as a primary source ensured that his core biography of Jesus also derived from this earlier source.
Étude d'intertextualité entre 1 Corinthiens, Jacques et Romains
Ce livre est une étude comparative, essentiellement lexicologique, de trois épîtres du Nouveau Testament : I Corinthiens, Jacques et Romains. La première partie rouvre le débat autour de Jacques, considéré, surtout depuis la Réforme luthérienne, comme peu conforme, sous certains aspects, à la doctrine paulinienne. L’examen des sources et de l’intertextualité permet sur ce point d’avancer de nouvelles hypothèses. La deuxième partie, qui met en parallèle Jacques et I Corinthiens, montre que le premier texte suppose une connaissance du second. Dans la troisième partie en revanche, où l’on confronte Jacques et Romains, il semblerait que ce soit l’apôtre Paul qui, pour un écrit jugé majeur, ait effectué des emprunts et subi des influences. Cette passionnante dynamique textuelle, fondée sur des interférences et similitudes, se comprend mieux si l’on tient compte des pratiques d’écriture du temps, et en particulier de la technique de la paraphrasis, propre à la rhétorique antique.
Zur Geschichte des ersten Predigerklosters im deutschsprachigen Raum
Karl Maximilian Tschiggerl
In Friesach, der ältesten Stadt Kärntens, gründete der Dominikanerorden sein erstes Kloster im deutschen Sprachraum. Mit dem Abzug seiner Predigerbrüder wurde ein fast 800 Jahre währendes Kapitel Klostergeschichte geschlossen. Anlass genug, die Entwicklungsgeschichte dieses Konvents zu beleuchten und auf dessen vielgestaltige Rolle im städtischen Gefüge hinzuweisen. Das Buch gibt einen Einblick in die einstige Strahlkraft des Klosters – mit dem Ziel, seinen Ruf als ehemals geistiges und soziokulturelles Zentrum für die Zukunft zu bewahren. Unter Zugrundelegung noch vorhandener Quellen wird ein Beitrag zur Erforschung der Stadtgeschichte Friesachs präsentiert. Die Geschichte der jahrhundertelangen Anwesenheit des Dominikanerordens in dieser Stadt erfährt ihre verdiente Würdigung.
An Experiential Method
Edited by Sunnie D. Kidd, Jim Kidd and Omar S. Alattas
Hermeneutic Research: An Experiential Method presents a method to investigate lived experiences. In doing so, this book integrates a broad range of philosophical topics, such as hermeneutics, the philosophy of consciousness, and the philosophy of being. We are conscious beings. Through every act of consciousness, something is presented to the experiencing person. Something—a theme—stands in the focus of attention. Within the dimensional human consciousness, this theme is related to other thoughts, a process that includes certain aspects of the theme and excludes others from conscious experience.
The foundational conviction of the experiential method detailed in this book is that thought is not static in its ultimate nature but organically dynamic. Thought uncovers its internal endlessness through time as its medium, just as the small seed uncovers the unity of a tree through soil as its medium. Thought, as a dynamic self-revealing phenomenon, uncovers itself as a series of understandings that cannot be interpreted except through reciprocal reference. Meaningfulness, therefore, is not contained in self-identity but in the larger whole in which it is a specific part. Wholeness contains possibilities of knowledge as present realities revealing themselves, through human choices and experiences, in temporal progression to reach a unity that is already contained in them. This infinite movement of knowledge thus reveals the possibility intrinsic to finite thought. Intuition, as wholistic apprehension, is movement that could acknowledge and reach an immanent infinite, of which the finite concepts of comprehension and cognition are only momentums.
Music, Spirituality and Christian Theology
Edited by June Boyce-Tillman, Stephen Roberts and Jane Erricker
The relationship between Christian theology and music has been complex since the early days
of the Church. In the twentieth century the secularization of Western culture has led to further
complexity. The search for the soul, following Nietzsche’s declaration of the Death of God has
led to an increasing body of literature in many fields on spirituality. This book is an attempt
to open up a conversation between these related discourses, with contributions reflecting a
range of perspectives within them. It is not the final word on the relationship but expresses a
conviction about their relationship. Collecting together such a variety of approaches allows new
understandings to emerge from their juxtaposition and collation. This book will contribute to
the ongoing debate between theology, spirituality, culture and the arts. It includes contexts with
structured relationships between music and the Church alongside situations where spirituality
and music are explored with sometimes distant echoes of Divinity and ancient theologies
reinterpreted for the contemporary world.
Origins of Eastern Christian Mysticism asserts that the thinkers between Basil of Caesarea and Symeon the New Theologian were important mainly for their role in the formation of Hesychasm, a fourteenth-century mystical movement in the Eastern church. The book surveys previous research on Proto-Hesychasm and sets forth eight Hesychastic trends in its practitioners: monasticism, dark and light mysticism, and an emphasis on the heart, theōsis, the humanity of Christ, penthos, and unceasing prayer.
Theodore Sabo integrates detailed and carefully researched accounts of the lives and thought of the foundational figures of Hesychasm into a compelling narrative of the movement’s origins. The Cappadocian fathers established monasticism as the predominant milieu of Proto-Hesychasm and emphasized both theōsis and dark mysticism. Dark mysticism would come into conflict with the light mysticism of their contemporary Pseudo-Macarius, but both currents would be passed on to the Hesychasts. Macarius was a seminal figure within Proto-Hesychasm, responsible for its stress on light mysticism and heart mysticism. Hesychasm itself, the author contends, emerged from two main Proto-Hesychast fonts, the philosophical (represented by such figures as Pseudo-Dionysius and Maximus the Confessor) and the ascetic (the realm of figures like John Climacus and Isaac of Nineveh). The former school transmitted to Hesychasm a virtually unacknowledged Platonism; the latter contributed to Hesychasm’s preoccupation with theōsis, penthos, and unceasing prayer, albeit from a solely monastic perspective. Finally, Symeon the New Theologian emerged as the redoubtable successor to these schools, unifying their distinct traditions in his philosophical approach.
While previous scholarship has documented the connections between Proto-Hesychasm and Hesychasm, Origins of Eastern Christian Mysticism is unique in its treatment of the Proto-Hesychasts as a distinguishable group, and as direct instigators of Hesychasm. This provocative study should be of interest to students and scholars of the late antique history of the Eastern Orthodox Church, as well as to contemporary theologians steeped in the Eastern mystical tradition.
The central aim of Water as an Image of the Spirit in the Johannine Literature is to propose two sets of indicators that can be used to assess the symbolic reference of water imagery in the Johannine literature. The first set, comprised of five indicators, can be used to decide whether a given instance of water imagery in the Johannine literature represents the Spirit. The other set, comprised of six indicators, can be used to determine whether a given instance of water imagery has a symbolic meaning instead of or in addition to its literal meaning. The validity of these indicators is demonstrated by applying them to six disputed water passages (1 John 5:6–8; Rev. 22:1–2; John 3:5, 4:10–14, 6:35, and 19:34). The author draws on narrative and exegetical methodologies to stage new claims that will incite further debate and discussion regarding the role of water imagery—and symbolic devices more broadly—in the Johannine texts.
An Anglican Inquiry into Economic Thinking
Gawain de Leeuw
Holy Scripture and economists have distinct ways of exploring market networks. The Body of Christ in a Market Economy explains how desire connects scripture, economics, theological anthropology, and soteriology. By explaining the mechanics of desire and Jesus’ saving grace, it becomes possible for churches and congregations to better align their networks for the common good within market economies. Rivalry is an expense. Follow Jesus or prepare to spend.
Edited by Elize Bisanz
The volume focuses on the application of Peirce’s semeiotic as a methodological tool to establish a common field for interdisciplinary research. Contributors from the fields of biology, architecture, logic, esthetics and neuroscience, among others, work on diverse research problems, unified by the idea of transcending the dyadic limitations of disciplinary restrictions and applying Peirce’s triadic method, and the structure and process of sign relations of the particular problem that has to be solved. The result is an invigorating example of methodological plasticity wherein the reader acquires an understanding of scientific observation within the complex universe of semeiosis relations.