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Paweł Stachura, Piotr Śniedziewski and Krzysztof Trybuś

Walter Benjamin is one of the most important figures of modern culture. The authors focus within this book on Benjamin as a philosopher, or rather as a critic of modernism entangled in tradition (mainly Jewish), but also as a writer. Philosophical and philological readings are accompanied by essays presenting the complex biography of Benjamin and numerous, often unexpected, parallels which indicate traces of his reflections in works of other artists. In consequence, «The Arcades Project», which can be described as Benjamin’s opus vitae, is not only a picturesque history of Parisian arcades of the mid-19th century. It is also a polyphonic text, composed of quotations, commentaries and footnotes, a discussion of the sense of history and the literary work of art that surprises with its meandering quality.

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Muslimische Gemeinden

Geschichte, Gegenwart und Zukunft des Islam in Niedersachsen

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Rauf Ceylan

Die muslimischen Gemeinden in Niedersachsen blicken auf eine lange Geschichte zurück. Die ersten muslimischen Strukturen wurden bereits vor dem Zweiten Weltkrieg gelegt und sollten mit der Arbeitsmigration stetig ausgebaut werden. Im Laufe der Jahre entstanden zahlreiche ethnisch-konfessionell geprägte Gemeinden, von denen sich viele nach einer Phase der Konkurrenzkämpfe in den beiden großen Landesverbänden DİTİB und SCHURA zusammenschlossen. Vor diesem Hintergrund liefern die Erfahrungen der Entwicklung und Transformation der muslimischen Gemeinden in Niedersachsen wichtige Impulse für die anderen Bundesländer und die dortigen muslimischen Gemeinden, die vor ähnlichen Integrationsherausforderungen stehen. Der Band dokumentiert diese Erfahrungen und bietet Perspektiven für zukünftige Entwicklungen.

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How Is Jesus Christ Lord?

Reading Kwame Bediako from a Postcolonial and Intercontextual Perspective

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Bernhard Dinkelaker

The centre of gravity of World Christianity has moved to the South. The numerical growth of African Christians however does not manifest itself in academic theology. Kwame Bediako (1945–2008) is a voice from Ghana that claims a space for African contributions in theology. His quest for identity, his analysis of mission, culture and language, and his critique of a ‹Western value setting› raise issues that are relevant beyond his own context. His statement that Africa is a ‹laboratory› for World Christianity challenges theological debates. His Christological approach is the key to critical engagement with church and society. The book analyses Bediako’s work from a postcolonial and intercontextual perspective. His contribution marks an unfinished agenda in African-European encounters.

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The Visible Religion

The Russian Orthodox Church and her Relations with State and Society in Post-Soviet Canon Law (1992–2015)

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Alexander Ponomariov

«The Visible Religion» is an antithesis to Thomas Luckmann’s concept. The Russian Orthodox Church in post-Soviet canon law suggests a comprehensive cultural program of modernity. Researched through the paradigms of multiple modernities and post-secularity, the ROC appears to be quite modern: she reflects on herself and the secular environment, employs secular language, appeals to public reason, the human rights discourse, and achievements of modern science. The fact that the ROC rejects some liberal Western developments should not be understood in the way that the ROC rejects modernity in general. As a legitimate player in the public sphere, the ROC puts forward her own – Russian Orthodox – model of modernity, which combines transcendence and immanence, theological and social reasoning, an afterlife strategy and cooperation with secular actors, whereby eschatology and the human rights discourse become two sides of the same coin.

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Cultural Normativity

Between Philosophical Apriority and Social Practices

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Maria Golebiewska

This book refers to the question of cultural normativity. The texts of the book present the diverse profiles of cultural normativity: from philosophical assumptions and indications relating to the sources of axiology and normativity in general to analyses of selected examples of social practices and the reconstruction of declared or presupposed kinds of cultural normativity. The authors evaluate the distinction between normativity and normativeness as a state of norms, they describe the relationships between cultural normativity and ethics. This issue is particularly important with regard to the 20th century criticism of essentialism, the primacy of the culturalist position in humanities and the importance of the concept of difference in social sciences.

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Philosophie – Psychoanalyse – Kultur

Ein interdisziplinarer Dialog menschlicher Selbstverständigungsweisen

Hilmar Schmiedl-Neuburg and Manfred Böge

Der Band beschäftigt sich mit Fragen und Problemstellungen der Philosophie, Psychoanalyse und Kulturwissenschaft. Die verschiedenen Disziplinen begeben sich in einen erkenntnisorientierten Gedankenaustausch und beleuchten systematische und historische Aspekte individueller und gesellschaftlicher Selbstverständigung. Die Beiträge diskutieren Themen aus den Bereichen Kultur und Gesellschaft, Klinik, Kunst, Film, Musik und Kultur und liefern auf diese Weise ein interdisziplinäres Panorama menschlicher Vielfalt.

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Wolfgang Wein

Das Buch untersucht das Verhältnis von Angst und Vernunft auf der individuellen sowie gesellschaftlichen Ebene. Angst gilt im philosophischen Diskurs als diffus, ungreifbar, subjektiv, irrational, maskiert und damit paradigmatisch für «das Andere der Vernunft». Bei Heidegger wird Angst schließlich zur «ausgezeichneten Erschlossenheit des Daseins» stilisiert. Demgegenüber soll in Philosophie, Psychoanalyse, wie auch den kollektiven Ängsten überprüft werden, ob Angst nicht letztlich auf das vernünftige Erkennen und Begreifen angewiesen ist, wie Kant dies für die Philosophie der Aufklärung dargelegt hat und die sinnvollere Option in der «leisen Stimme der Vernunft» liegt, von welcher Sigmund Freud sprach, nicht in der Beschwörung der Angst als Element postmoderner Antiaufklärung.

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Gabriel T. Wankar

This book proposes an approach to the connection between salvation theory and ecclesial spirituality in Nigeria, indicating how the factors of economic, political, and religious co-existence are related, with implications for a deeper understanding of salvation. Considering African Synods I and II, the author proposes a paradigm shift toward a new pastoral option for the Church in Nigeria in the program for seminary formation, which prioritizes strengthening of ecumenical/interreligious structures of dialogue and collaboration as a process of rapprochement to enable an emancipatory praxis to come to existence for the Church’s ministry and witnessing to "become flesh" in the reality of people’s lives. This entails a deeper spiritual and practical understanding of religion, couched in terms of dialogue that translates into alliances and cooperation for the common good based on ties common to all religions and, most importantly, the possibility of forming synergies with civil society organizations in pursuit of the common good.

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What Does It Look Like?

Wittgenstein’s Philosophy in the Light of His Conception of Language Description: Part I

Sebastiaan A. Verschuren

This book is the first part of a comprehensive study of Wittgenstein’s conception of language description. Describing language was no pastime occupation for the philosopher. It was hard work and it meant struggle. It made for a philosophy that required Wittgenstein’s full attention and half his life. His approach had always been working on himself, on how he saw things. The central claim of this book is that nothing will come of our exegetical efforts to see what Wittgenstein's later philosophy amounts to if his work on describing language is not given the place and concern it deserves. The book shows what his philosophy might begin to look like in the light of critical questions around his interest to see the end of the day with descriptions, and these things only.

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Gott und das Leiden

Antworten der babylonischen Dichtung Ludlul bēl nēmeqi und des biblischen Hiobbuches

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Meik Gerhards

Die Erfahrung des Leidens schließt für viele den Glauben an einen allmächtigen, allwissenden und allgütigen Gott aus. Die Studie befragt im Horizont der aktuellen philosophischen Diskussion das Hiobbuch und die babylonische Dichtung «Ludlul bēl nēmeqi» nach Antworten auf die Leidensfrage. Dabei werden die Antworten des Hiobbuches auch im gesamtbiblischen Horizont reflektiert.