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The Armenian Church in Soviet Armenia

The Policies of the Armenian Bolsheviks and the Armenian Church, 1920-1932

Jakub Osiecki

This book presents the results of comprehensive study on the history of Soviet Armenia and the Armenian Church in the years 1920-32. Through documents uncovered in the Communist Party Archive in Yerevan and the Georgian Historical Archive, press antireligious propaganda, oral testimonies, and biographical interviews conducted by the author, The Armenian Church in Soviet Armenia expands the discussion on the history of the Armenian Church in the 20th century, especially regarding the relations between the spiritual leaders of the Armenian Church and the Bolsheviks. In accordance with stipulations laid out by the Central Committee in consultation with the GPU, Khoren Muradbekian was elected as the Catholicos of All Armenians. His election was the principal reason behind the schism inside the Church– which, especially in the Armenian diaspora, divided not only clergy, but laymen themselves. These divisions, even after hundred years, are still vivid in Armenian society.

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Eucharistic Communion and Rituals of Communion in Igbo Culture

An Integration of Liturgy, Faith, and Culture

Mary-Reginald Anibueze

This book elucidates the dynamism of culture and how cultural expressions are often intertwined with religious expressions. The Catholic Church, while conscious of profound cultural diversities of her members, earnestly seeks to inculturate the gospel message in different cultures for a better expressed, experienced, and lived Catholicism in the modern world. Relational and theological expressions of Eucharistic communion increase in wealth and meaning when Christians of different races and cultures are able to understand the global call to unity and interconnectivity in the world today. Relating the clear theological and relational aspects of Eucharistic communion to the traditional rituals of communion expressed in Igbo culture, enriches both the encountered faith and lived culture. The rituals of communion in Igbo tradition studied, Emume Oji (Ritual Breaking of the Kolanut), Iri Ji Ohuru (New Yam Festival), and Igba Oriko (Reconciliation Ceremony), are still prevalent and valued among the Igbo people. These rituals pilot and determine the wellbeing of present and future generations of Igbo people. An integrative study of liturgy, faith, and culture, establishes the theological and relational aspects of both the traditional rituals of communion in Igbo culture and the Christian understanding of Eucharistic communion, for a truly inculturated Eucharistic theology.

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Emery- Pamphile MBADU MBADU

Face aux nouveaux et nombreux défis de la mondialisation, Jean-Marc Ferry actualise l’ancienne idée philosophique du cosmopolitisme dont les principes sont considérés comme une alternative adaptée à notre monde multipolaire. Le présent ouvrage propose d’en retracer l’architecture : ses aspects essentiels et ses défis. Il montre qu’à partir de sa philosophie de la communication, Ferry analyse d’abord la manière dont fonctionnent les sociétés contemporaines en faisant de l’identité reconstructive sa catégorie organisatrice.

Préoccupé depuis les années 2000 par « l’histoire de l’humanité européenne », il applique ensuite cette identité contemporaine à « l’identité européenne reconstructive ». Son cosmopolitisme processuel tente de concrétiser l’idée philosophique du cosmopolitisme kantien dont la structure juridique de base s’adapte à l’échelle de l’Union Européenne. Il s’agit de construire une « unité de survie » transnationale puisque l’« unité de survie » nationale, bien que nécessaire, n’est plus suffisante. Il serait donc possible de prolonger l’idée cosmopolitique interprétée dans l’histoire européenne vers d’autres entités politiques d’envergure continentale. A condition, toutefois, que les pays concernés parviennent d’abord et avant tout à former une « unité de survie » nationale indispensable à toute « unité de survie » transnationale.  

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Bokyung Kim

This book takes a narrative-critical approach to the meaning and function of debate in the Gospel of Mary. The debate scene in the Gospel of Mary has been interpreted with the assumed framework of the Gnostic-orthodox conflict and feminist biblical studies’ particular interest in the gender issue. When approached narrative-critically, the portrayal of the debate is fundamentally concerned with the narrative’s rhetoric of persuasion. The function of the debate scene is meant to make truth-authority claims by appealing to the authority of divine revelation and the authority of the shared knowledge about Mary, the Savior’s favorite, according to the two models of authority, which were widely used in antiquity (i.e., revelatory authority and literary authority). Scholars and students who are interested in early Christian texts and methods of interpretation could use this book to gain a new look into the meaning of the texts, especially the roles of the interactions among the characters.

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Maasai Women and the Old Testament

Towards an Emancipatory Reading

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Hoyce Lyimo-Mbowe

The research presented in this book is a critical study of some effects of popular biblical interpretations in the context of an East African ethnic group, the Maasai. The book focuses on parallels between concepts of female inferiority in biblical texts and in Maasai traditional culture. It investigates some parallels and analyses their problems as they are conceptualized in popular Maasai biblical interpretation and how these affect the social transformation of the contemporary Maasai women.

Therefore, this book aims at sensitizing readers of the Bible about popular interpretation of biblical texts that consciously, and more often unconsciously, function as a legitimizing force, which authorizes or reinforces socio-cultural structures that oppress women. However, it demonstrates the potential of reading biblical texts from emancipatory perspectives, both in popular and academic critical contexts. Also, this book demonstrates how some popular Maasai biblical interpretations contributes in the academic works for the emancipation of women. Moreover, this work develops its own contextual hermeneutics approach of woman liberation known as enkitok. The new approach borrows some aspects from social fields and it has been employed in this work on some selected biblical texts.

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Schlusslogische Letztbegründung

Festschrift für Kurt Walter Zeidler zum 65. Geburtstag

Edited by Lois Marie Rendl and Robert König

Die «Schlusslogische Letztbegründung» sucht Antwort auf die Frage: Wie ist Philosophie als Wissenschaft möglich? Sie führt damit das Projekt einer ontologisch relevanten Logik fort, das seit der Antike im Zentrum der Geschichte des Idealismus und der Transzendentalphilosophie steht.

Kurt Walter Zeidler liefert mit seinem Werk nicht nur eine eindringliche Aufarbeitung dieser Geschichte, sondern bemüht sich zugleich um deren systematische Weiterentwicklung. Fern den Moden seiner Zeit steht sein Denken in einer Tradition der Philosophie, die sich nicht Konjunkturen beugt und in Relativitäten verliert, sondern als Erkenntnis des lebendigen und logisch erschließbaren Absoluten begreift.

Lehrer, Wegbegleiter und Schüler setzen sich in dieser Festschrift mit Zeidlers Arbeiten auseinander.

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Lógos and Máthēma 2

Studies in the Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics

Roman Murawski

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Human Being – Being Human

A Theological Anthropology in Biblical, Historical, and Ecumenical Perspective

Dr. Dr. Billy Kristanto

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Edited by Ilona Błocian and Dmitry Prokudin

The book contains analyses and interpretations of multidimensional perspectives in philosophical, economical and psychological research on imagination. The authors analyse Russian (N. Bierdiajew) and French philosophy and anthropology (G. Bachelard, G. Durand), German conceptions (I. Kant's, F. Baader's, F. Schiller 's or Heideggerian interpretations) of the role of imagination in art, science and sociopolitical domains. Image and imagination play the main role in the contemporary social world. It is investigated by psychology, sociology and political sciences, and many subdisciplines of philosophy have their own traditions in approaches to image and imagination problem. The authors try to integrate the results of these research efforts.

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Giosuè Ghisalberti

Does Jesus remain concealed by the very traditions intended to portray him? History and theology define Jesus to be a 1st-century Galilean or the son of God, a man limited by his time and place or exalted as the Messiah and Christ. He has been recognized as a Jewish rabbi or the prophet of a coming apocalypse. The quest for the historical Jesus and theology’s Christ of faith may both be essential and undeniable in the history of scholarship. Secular historians and the Christian church have made their claims. Jesus’ self-conception, however, has been neglected, his consciousness largely ignored. A new interpretation of the gospels presents Jesus as a unprecedented human being who will "utter things which have been kept secret from the foundation of the world" (Matt. 13:35) and make their meanings significant for the here and now. Jesus’ life from the virgin birth to the resurrection can neither be reduced to history’s scepticism nor theology’s affirmation. Is it possible to re-imagine the life and words of Jesus? He reveals himself to be a "first-born" who makes possible the second act of creation for every individual no less than for the social world.