Cross-disciplinary Perspectives on Homeland and Civil Security

A Research-Based Introduction

by Alexander Siedschlag (Volume editor)
Edited Collection XVI, 306 Pages


This uniquely composed textbook provides a cross-disciplinary introduction to the field of homeland and civil security. It unites U.S. and international scholars and practitioners in addressing both foundational topics and risk- informed priorities in fostering secure societies. The book examines research-related foundations of homeland and civil security across national boundaries, and how those apply to addressing real-world challenges of our time. Representing different disciplines, intellectual styles, and methodological choices in meeting those challenges, chapters provide a comprehensive perspective across different approaches and levels of governance within an all-hazards framework. The book covers international experiences in border management; intelligence for homeland security; comparative political and legal frameworks for use of «drones»; risk management at the tribal level; terrorism as a strategic hybrid threat; critical infrastructure protection and resilience; historical lessons for emergency management in the homeland security era; the leadership challenge in homeland security; ethics, legal, and social issues in homeland and civil security research and practice; and examples of the scientific status of the field from the epistemic as well as the educational point of view. Including a research guide, a glossary, a bibliography, and an index, the book will be of distinctive worth to homeland security students in graduate courses, as well as to an international student community taking courses in political science, public administration, «new security studies», and security research.

Table Of Content

  • Cover
  • Title
  • Copyright
  • About the author
  • About the book
  • This eBook can be cited
  • Table of Contents
  • List of Figures and Tables
  • Acknowledgments
  • List of Abbreviations
  • Homeland and Civil Security Research Studies for an Evolving Mission Space: Introduction and Overview of Chapters
  • Part I: Aspects from the Mission Space
  • 1 Examining the Strategic Hybrid Threat: Technology, Terrorism, Transnational Criminal Organizations, and Old Enemies after 2015
  • 2 Border Management: International Experiences
  • 3 The Three Mile Island Nuclear Disaster from an Emergency Management Perspective
  • 4 Beyond the Storms: Implementing Smart Resilience in Turbulent Times
  • Part II: Aspects from Disciplines
  • 5 The Role of Intelligence in Homeland Security
  • 6 Geospatial Intelligence and the Geospatial Revolution
  • 7 Use of “Drones” in Homeland Security: A Comparative Perspective on Use of Security Technology and Its Legal, Political, and Social Aspects
  • 8 Risk Management within Tribally Inclusive Geographic Areas: A Primer for All Risk Managers
  • Part III: Transversal Aspects
  • 9 The Leadership LEAP: A New Approach for Homeland Security
  • 10 Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues (ELSI) in Homeland and Civil Security Research and the European Union Approach
  • Part IV: Aspects of Programming for Homeland and Civil Security
  • 11 Homeland Security within a School of Public Affairs
  • 12 Trends on Security Research in Europe
  • Part V: Conclusion and Outlook
  • 13 The Scientific Status of New Security Studies: A Critical Search for Epistemic Identity of Homeland and Civil Security Research
  • Glossary
  • Bibliography
  • Homeland and Civil Security Learning and Research Guide
  • List of Contributors
  • Index


List of Figures and Tables


Figure 3.1.Three Mile Island Area Map.
Figure 3.2. County Statistics of Population, Hospitals, and Nursing Homes.
Figure 4.1.Resilience Framework.
Figure 4.2.Resilience Implementation Process (RIP) Framework.
Figure 6.1.Data-Information-Insights Process.
Figure 6.2.The Relationship between Geographic Technology, GIScience, and GEOINT Tradecraft.


Table 6.1.Data Content vs. Data Organization.
Table 6.2.GEOINT Data Sources and Strategies.
Table 6.3.How Various GEOINT Techniques and Tools Fit Together.
Table 8.1. Working within Tribally Inclusive Geographic Areas: Examples of Terminology for Risk Managers.
Table 13.1.Vulnerability in Multidisciplinary Perspective.



I would like to express my gratitude to a number of people and institutions to whom I owe in the editorship of this book.

My previous experience in shaping the field of civil security research in Europe significantly contributed to the plan for this book: serving the European Commission as an expert in the preparatory action for the Security theme in the 7th Framework Program for research, and later on in that program after it was launched, as well as the Austrian National Security Research Program KIRAS as a founding member of the jury. My years as a Professor for Security Research at Sigmund Freud University Vienna, Austria, and as a coordinator of the EU security research project FOCUS, on “Foresight Security Scenarios,” from which several colleagues have contributed to this volume and the concept of the book, were fundamental, too. FOCUS also availed me the privilege of academically collaborating with DHS components and research projects, as well as with FEMA, in their Strategic Foresight Initiative (SFI).

The inspiration and insight I gained on my current appointment as Professor and Chair of Homeland Security Programs at The Pennsylvania State University, at my home college Penn State Harrisburg, and at its School of Public Affairs, has been limitlessly precious. I particularly benefitted from discussion with colleagues ← xi | xii → and students in the Intercollege Master of Professional Studies Program in Homeland Security (iMPS-HLS).

Thank you to the contributing authors; without your insight and contributions this book may not have been possible. I believe our mutual interest, skills, and knowledge lend to a perfect blend and authoring of this volume.

I am grateful for the invaluable support in editing the the entire text that I received from Alison Shuler, B.S. and Lesa Stanford of my Program Office at Penn State Harrisburg. Although they were already swamped with regular duty, they did not hesitate to give of their time to help this project finish on time.

Finally, my bottomless thanks to Andrea, who has been incredibly resilient to and supportive of my promise of never doing a textbook again (at least I switched languages!). She has helped me with literally all of her heart to finish this project among many serious academic responsibilities, and she has been a great editor and peer reviewer as well. Thank you. ← xii | xiii →


List of Abbreviations

ANPRAutomated number-plate recognition
AUVSIAssociation for Unmanned Vehicle Systems Internaexplo-sivetional
BRPBureau of Radiological Protection
BWC Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention
CBPU.S. Customs and Border Protection
CBRNChemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear
CBRN-EChemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive
CCTVClosed-circuit television
CEOChief executive officer
CIACentral Intelligence Agency
CIPCritical infrastructure protection
CSDP Common Security and Defence Policy (of the European Union)
CVECountering violent extremism
CWC Chemical Weapons Convention
DCPADefense Civil Preparedness Agency
DEADrug Enforcement Administration
DGDirectorate General (of the European Commission) ← xiii | xiv →
DHSU.S. Department of Homeland Security
DNIDirector of National Intelligence
DODU.S. Department of Defense
DSCADefense Support of Civil Authorities
EC European Commission (also used for the former European Community, before it completely fused into the European Union with the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty [2009])
EC3European Cybercrime Centre
EDAEuropean Defence Agency
EEODNEuropean Explosive Ordnance Disposal Network
EGFEuropean Gendarmerie Force
EOCEmergency Operations Center
ELINTElectronic intelligence
ELSIEthical, legal, and social issues
EMACEmergency Management Assistance Compact
ENLETS European Network of Law Enforcement Technology Services
EOCEmergency Operations Center
ERCCEmergency Response Coordination Centre (EU)
ESFEmergency Support Function
ESRIFEuropean Security Research and Innovation Forum
EU European Union
eu-LISA European Agency for the Operational Management of Large-Scale IT Systems in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice
EUROPOLEuropean Police Office
EUROSUREuropean Border Surveillance System
FAAFederal Aviation Administration
FBIFederal Bureau of Investigation
FEMAFederal Emergency Management Agency
FISAForeign Intelligence Surveillance Act
FRONTEX European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union
GDPGross domestic product
GEOINTGeospatial intelligence ← xiv | xv →
GISGeographic information systems
GISci/GIScienceGeographic information science
GITGeographic information technology
GLONASS Globalnaya navigatsionnaya sputnikovaya sistema (Global Navigation Satellite System)
GPSGlobal Positioning System
GWOTGlobal War on Terror
HUMINTHuman intelligence
HVEHomegrown violent extremism/extremist
ICIntelligence community
ICEU.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
ICSIncident Command System
IEDImprovised explosive device
IMINTImagery intelligence
INTERPOLInternational Criminal Police Organization
INTsIntelligence collection disciplines
IPIntellectual property
IPRIntellectual property rights
ISIS Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham; the name is also commonly translated as Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL); the group’s Arabic name is transliterated as ad-Dawlah al-Islāmīyah fī al-‘Irāq wash-Shām (Da‘ish or DAESH)
JICJoint Information Center
JTTFJoint Terrorism Task Forces
MASINTMeasurement and signatures intelligence
MPAMaster of Public Administration
MPSMaster of Professional Studies
NASNational Airspace System
NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Organization
NGANational Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
NGONon-governmental organization
NIACNational Infrastructure Advisory Council
NIMSNational Incident Management System
NIPPNational Infrastructure Protection Plan
NPGNational Preparedness Goal
NRCNuclear Regulatory Commission ← xv | xvi →
NRFNational Response Framework
NTASNational Terrorism Advisory System
ODNIOffice of the Director of National Intelligence
OSINTOpen-source intelligence
PEMAPennsylvania Emergency Management Agency
PPDPresidential Policy Directive
PPPPublic-private partnership
PSAProtective Security Advisor
QHSRQuadrennial Homeland Security Review
R&DResearch and development
RABITRapid Border Intervention Team
RIPResilience implementation process
ROIReturn on investment
RPASRemotely piloted aerial system
RTDResearch, technology, and development
SARSuspicious activity report
SATStructured analytic techniques
SBESocial, behavioral, and economic sciences
SIEWGSocietal Impact Expert Working Group
SIGINTSignal(s) intelligence
SISSchengen Information System
SLTTState, local, territorial, and tribal
SWIMSystem-wide information management
TCOTransnational criminal organization
TELINTTelemetry intelligence
THSGPTribal Homeland Security Grant Program
TIGATribally Inclusive Geographic Areas
TMIThree Mile Island (Nuclear Power Station)
TRLTechnological readiness level
TSATransportation Security Administration
UASUnmanned aerial system
UAVUnmanned aerial vehicle
UNUnited Nations
UNHCRUnited Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
USCUnited States Code
WMDWeapon(s) of mass destruction ← xvi | xvii →


Homeland and Civil Security Research Studies for an Evolving Mission Space: Introduction and Overview of Chapters


Studying Homeland Security—How to Know It When You See It


XVI, 306
ISBN (Softcover)
Publication date
2016 (February)
civil security all-hazards threats comprehensive approach border management COVID-19 cybersecurity disaster research emergency management ethical legal Social issues (ELSI) homeland security intelligence leadership national security policing public health violent extremism whole-community approach resilience risk management security culture security studies security research
New York, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, Oxford, Wien, 2015. XVI, 306 pp.

Biographical notes

Alexander Siedschlag (Volume editor)

Alexander Siedschlag is Professor and Chair of Homeland Security at The Pennsylvania State University. He obtained his PhD from the University of Munich and his venia legendi, or habilitation, from Humboldt University Berlin. He is the author of six monographs and over 100 articles, and has edited twelve anthologies.


Title: Cross-disciplinary Perspectives on Homeland and Civil Security