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Joop Schopman

The advance of motorized traffic has brought our attention to its disadvantages. Noise and exhaust gases do not just annoy people, they threaten human health and welfare. This book reports the scarcely available measurements of emissions to which adverse health effects are attributed. From these data it appears that although hardly any particular health effect can be scientifically proven to be caused by road traffic combined these effects strongly indicate that public health is endangered and action should be taken. The 1950-1980 efforts by the US government to formulate exhaust standards for cars are used to illustrate the political difficulties inherent in such undertaking.
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Traffic issues

From a Tyrolean perspective

Joop Schopman

Since the second World War there has been an increasing number of vehicles in Europe. This development was initially welcomed as a sign of welfare and progress; it allowed people to go beyond their traditional boundaries. Since the 70s the reactions were not only positive. The side-effects of the volume of cars and trucks became more and more apparent. Politicians were urged to take appropriate measures which proved to be far from easy. This study wants to explore some of the dimensions of the problems as experienced by many people in Tyrol, Austria. The result of it is a precondition for any form of efficient action. Attention has been paid to through-going traffic, to free-time (tourist) traffic, and to the difficulties to stick to the preventive decisions.
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Joop Schopman

Land transportation has become a major political issue. The book surveys the problems and the measures taken. It discusses the costs caused by traffic for which it does not pay. Additional measures also have to be taken to reduce the negative impacts. Intermodal transport, denser traffic, and peak or congestion pricing are being discussed. All these initiatives can not solve the mounting problems. The amount of miles traveled will have to be reduced. Alternatives will have to be promoted such as better public transport, and the transfer of freight from road to train. Even our style of living will have to be changed. The second part discusses the actual measures taken by such countries as the United States, Switzerland, and the European Union. This survey covers the whole spectrum of initiatives taken or planned. At the end, some fundamental issues will be raised.