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Andreas Krause

Das unionsrechtliche Verbot der Altersdiskriminierung hat im deutschen und italienischen Arbeitsrecht angesichts der weiten Verbreitung altersdifferenzierender Regelungen erheblichen Bedarf an Koordinierung mit den unionsrechtlichen Vorgaben ausgelöst. Es zählt zu den praktisch wichtigsten, zugleich aber am schwersten handhabbaren Diskriminierungsverboten. Die Untersuchung vergleicht anhand der unionsrechtlichen Strukturmerkmale des Diskriminierungsverbots seine Umsetzung im deutschen und italienischen Arbeitsrecht. Die Darstellung der völkerrechtlichen Vorläufer und der gesetzlichen Regelungen in einer Vielzahl praktischer Einzelfragen zeigt anschaulich, dass die Einbettung des Diskriminierungsverbots in das deutsche und italienische Arbeitsrecht weitgehend gelungen ist.

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Nuclear Weapons into the 21 st Century

Current Trends and Future Prospects

Joachim Krause and Andreas Wenger

With the end of the Cold War, many observers had expressed the hope that the role of nuclear weapons in shaping the international system and global and regional orders might become less relevant. Yet, more than a decade after the end of the Cold War, nuclear weapons still have major relevance in world politics. The consensus on how best to ensure global stability no longer exists. As a result, the global arms control and non-proliferation regimes are widely perceived to be in a state of crisis. It is against this backdrop that this book addresses the future role of nuclear weapons, considering the following four areas: the characterization and transcendence of the impasse in arms control; the role of nuclear weapons in strategic thinking and military doctrines; the impact of nuclear weapons on regional balances; and the present challenges and future prospects of nuclear non-proliferation.
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Joachim Krause, Andreas Wenger and Lisa Watanabe

Since the Franco-British declaration on European security and defense was made at St Malo four years ago, the European Union and its member states have made rapid progress towards the development of a common European security and defense policy. The transformation of the St Malo declaration into a European process represents a milestone in the history of European integration, for the first time bringing defense within the scope of European policy coordination. Despite the tremendous speed at which advancements in this field have taken place, there remain a number of open and interconnected questions related to the European Security and Defense Policy’s political structure, force capabilities, and mission that together threaten to cast a shadow over the EU’s capacity to create a credible military force with which to reinforce its capacity and autonomy in the area of crisis management. This volume attempts to chart the progress, the problems, and the future prospects of this ambitious and highly contentious venture.
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Edited by Olaf Deinert, Torsten Körber, Rüdiger Krause, Gerald Spindler and Andreas Wiebe