Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 7 of 7 items for

  • Author or Editor: CIRIEC x
Clear All Modify Search
Restricted access

The Worth of the Social Economy

An International Perspective

Series:

CIRIEC

What is the worth of the social economy? What worth does the social economy produce?
Co-operatives, not-for-profit and mutual benefits organizations as well as foundations share common values that colour the way they perform and how they manage to do so. Yet, little is known about how the social economy is actually being evaluated, and how evaluation may reinforce or weaken this specificity.
This book fills a gap in the literature about the social economy. It seeks to make a critical assessment of the interests to which the social economy of today must cater and for which questions of evaluation appear to be the most telling.
A first set of contributions is made up of four theoretical papers inspired by various disciplinary fields: management, economy, sociology, philosophy. A second set of contributions is composed of seven national analyses of how the social economy is evaluated in different institutional contexts: France, Québec (Canada), United Kingdom, United States, Brazil, Portugal and Japan. The conclusion of the book summarizes the findings of this study and formulates some questions addressed to policy designers, evaluation specialists and social economy actors.
Restricted access

Contemporary Crisis and Renewal of Public Action / Crise contemporaine et renouveau de l’action publique

Towards the Emergence of a New Form of Regulation? / Vers l’émergence d’un nouveau mode de régulation ?

Series:

CIRIEC

Is the major crisis that began in 2008 nearing the end? Governments and analysts have time and again announced that. Yet this diagnosis remains very premature even now. The level of unemployment is still high in many countries. While the massive aids provided by the States to the economy have allowed them to avoid the collapse of the economic system, they have paradoxically exposed the States to their own failure. Many countries in Europe are in precarious situations. Far beyond Europe the role played by the State is in question. Which measures must be taken by the public authorities in order to remedy the economic crisis? Are we witnessing the emergence of a new form of regulation? How will the general interest be carried and defended in future? How have the relations between the State and citizens changed? What are the national or continental variations on these themes? Through international comparisons, specialists from Europe, Africa and the Americas linked to CIRIEC International bring new answers to these important questions.
La crise majeure débutée en 2008 est-elle terminée ? Gouvernements et analystes l’ont annoncé à maintes reprises. Pourtant, ce diagnostic reste aujourd’hui encore très prématuré. Le taux de chômage demeure élevé dans de nombreux pays. Car, si les aides massives apportées par les États à l’économie ont permis d’éviter l’effondrement du système économique, elles ont paradoxalement exposé les États à leur propre faillite. Plusieurs pays d’Europe sont dans des situations précaires. Bien au-delà de l’Europe, le rôle joué par l’État est en question. Quelles mesures doivent être prises par les autorités publiques pour remédier à la crise économique ? Assiste-t-on à l’émergence d’un nouveau mode de régulation ? Comment est désormais porté et défendu l’intérêt général ? Comment les rapports entre l’État et les citoyens sont-ils transformés ? Quelles sont les variations nationales ou continentales sur ces thèmes ? C’est à ces questions communes que différents spécialistes d’Europe, d’Afrique et des Amériques liés au CIRIEC international répondent dans cet ouvrage dans une perspective comparée.
Restricted access

Series:

CIRIEC

There is growing international recognition of the importance of the social economy, consisting of cooperatives, mutuals and non-profit organizations. The Social Economy provides resilience in financial crises, choice in a plural economy, greater social capital and the means for development of a more democratic and inclusive civil society. But questions remain: how best develop policies and institutions to exploit this potential? What policies have emerged? And why have they emerged in some countries and not in others? This book presents work undertaken by experts and policymakers from Europe, America and Asia under the auspices of CIRIEC’s International Scientific Commission on «Social and Cooperative Economy». After a general analysis of public policies concerning the social economy, its key features, objectives and pattern of evolution, the book provides a supranational and international approach from both a European perspective (examining the policies of European bodies) and a South American perspective. This is followed by a number of national and regional analyses. The book concludes by examining the evolution, divergence and convergence of the social economy and its integration in public policy.
Face à la crise, coopératives, mutuelles et associations tentent de créer du capital social et de construire une société plus démocratique et inclusive. L’Économie sociale serait-elle enfin entrée dans l’agenda politique des gouvernements ? Une vague de nouvelles lois et projets de lois d’économie sociale semblent le confirmer. Pourquoi ces politiques ont-elles émergé dans certains pays et non d’autres ? Quelles ont été leurs portée et limites ? Chercheurs et experts d’Europe, d’Amérique et d’Asie ont travaillé sous les auspices de la Commission scientifique internationale « Économie sociale et coopérative » du CIRIEC pour dresser un premier bilan international de ces questions. Cet ouvrage propose dans un premier temps une analyse générale des politiques publiques en faveur de l’Économie sociale, à la fois dans leur construction, leurs modalités, leurs objectifs et leurs évolutions. L’analyse se place ensuite dans une double perspective européenne (par l’examen des politiques des instances européennes) et latino-américaine. Enfin, des analyses nationales et régionales visent à mettre en exergue les spécificités historiques et institutionnelles.
Restricted access

Edited by CIRIEC and Benoît Lévesque

This «Social Economy & Public Economy» series brings together books and monographs with a common focus: the analysis of the economic activities of formal and informal organisations that aim to serve the «public/general interest» or broad «common welfare» of their societies. Diverse initiatives and a wide variety of organisational forms are concerned: public or private nonprofit organisations and services, social services, public utilities, regulatory rules and actions, public enterprises, local community and regional economic development bodies, cooperatives, mutualist enterprises, etc. The series aims to promote a more scientific, and in-depth international and comparative understanding of this type of research that has been rapidly expanding in recent years. The series will reflect about these developments and through its dissemination, it will also support the increasing inter-disciplinarity and multi-disciplinarity of much of this recent research (e.g. economics, sociology, political science, law, policy evaluation and policy analysis, etc.)

Editorial responsibility for the series resides with CIRIEC, an international scientific organisation that promotes, supports and disseminates research on the public economy, the social economy, and cooperatives. One of CIRIEC’s key goals and activities is the promotion, support, and expansion of a large international network of researchers who specialise in these issues. This series will allow the publication of work by members of this network as well as providing an outlet for any related research work by other people outside the existing CIRIEC network.

Restricted access

Series:

CIRIEC and Luc Bernier

Over thirty years, privatization of public enterprises was in the air. Before and during this period of neo-liberalism, and since the 2008 crisis, public enterprises were nonetheless created: they did what they were set up for and they frequently managed to get interesting results, as much on their public mission as regarding profitability. How is this possible? This book looks at public enterprises with new eyes.
What are the emerging insights? Those public enterprises evolved a lot during those years. Their governance has been adjusted: they now respond to all kind of stakeholders, they face independent regulators and did enter complex institutional arrangements. Further, they often transformed into conglomerates active in several activity sectors and/or expanded their geographical coverage. Being frequently large-sized, public enterprises are now able to compete on international markets, while continuing delivering important services to their home community. With fifteen case studies from Europe and the Americas, knowledge on public enterprises in the 21st century is updated.


Depuis plus de trente ans, ‘privatisation’ se lit et s’entend chaque jour. Pourtant, avant et pendant la période du néo-libéralisme, et depuis la crise de 2008, des entreprises publiques ont vu le jour, générant des résultats probants en termes de mission de service public et de rentabilité. Comment y sont-elles parvenues ? Cet ouvrage analyse les entreprises publiques avec un nouveau regard.
Que retenir de cette analyse ? Ces entreprises publiques ont fort évolué au cours de ces années. Leur gouvernance s’est ajustée vis-à-vis d’un contexte institutionnel complexe et face à diverses ‘parties prenantes’, dont les régulateurs indépendants. Elles sont fréquemment devenues des conglomérats actifs dans plusieurs domaines, ou bien se sont étendues géographiquement. Souvent de grande taille, elles sont alors capables d’être concurrentielles sur les marchés internationaux tout en offrant des services importants à leur collectivité d’origine. 15 études de cas d’Europe et d’Amérique sont proposées pour renforcer la connaissance des entreprises publiques au 21e siècle.

Restricted access

The Weight of the Social Economy

An International Perspective

Series:

CIRIEC, Marie J. Bouchard and Damien Rousselière

What is the weight of the social economy? How should we measure it? Throughout the world, cooperatives, non-profit and mutual benefit organizations, foundations and other social enterprises play an important role in job creation, social cohesion, social innovation, regional development and environmental protection. Observations tend to confirm the ability of the social economy to contribute to balancing economies, mainly by serving as an anti-cyclical force in the face of economic crises. However, many countries and regions lack statistical information about its weight, size and scope on their territory.
This book fills a gap in the literature about the social economy. It seeks to explain why it is important to have statistics on it, to understand how they are produced, and to project how the social economy might be better understood in the future. The book offers researchers and decision-makers an overview of the current state of knowledge on these topics.