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Food Security and Innovations

Successes and Lessons Learned- International Symposium 1996

Franz Heidhues and Andrea Fadani

Central to food security and agricultural growth are innovations. As land resources are becoming increasingly scarce, production growth has to come mainly from intensification and productivity increases, particularly of smallholders as the main food producers in developing countries. The innovation process involves generation and acceptance of sustainable innovations by farmers requiring effective agricultural research, a conducive agricultural policy framework and improved institutional and infrastructural conditions for innovation acceptance. This volume summarizes the large body of experiences gained and discussed during the Hohenheim symposium. It places particular emphasis on the discussion of case studies of successful and failed innovations. Learning from both, successes and failures, is part of a science-based innovation process.
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Franz Heidhues and Gertrud Schrieder

In the transition process from a centrally planned to a market economy the financial sector has a vitally important role to play. Nevertheless, transformation research has largely neglected rural finance and its link to the development of agriculture and the rural economy. This book intends to fill this gap. It addresses such questions as ‘how and in what sequence can rural finance be restructured’, ‘how can it support rural enterprise efficiency and help break the cycle of enterprise inefficiency, illiquidity and over-indebtedness’, ‘how can the typical constraints of uncertain land-ownership for financial institutions in the transformation process be overcome’, and ‘what type of institutional innovations are called for’.
These issues are evaluated in the light of theory and empirically analysed for the country case Romania. The book consists of three parts. First, it discusses rural finance and transition from a theoretical perspective. The second part contains empirical research results relevant to the development of Romania’s rural sector. Thirdly, it formulates policy recommendations to overcome market and government failures in building an efficient rural financial market in transition countries.
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Agricultural Policy Analysis - Proceedings of an International Seminar

held at the University of Dschang, Cameroon on May 26 and 27, 1994 funded by the European Union under the Science and Technology Program (STD)

Franz Heidhues and François Kamajou

The seminar «Agricultural Policy Analysis» was organized to discuss with scientists, policy-makers and development experts the results of the research work conducted in Cameroon. The work was based on a research project carried out jointly by the University of Hohenheim (Germany), INRA-Montpellier and CIRAD (France), and the University of Dschang (Cameroon). This proceedings volume discusses the general issue of agricultural policy evaluation and methodological questions of policy analysis. It shows what impact price policy and changing price relationships have on the production of export, i.e. coffee, cocoa and cotton, as well as food crops produced within the same farming system. It also highlights how price policy affects inter- and intra-household income distribution.
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Food and Agricultural Policies under Structural Adjustment

Seminar of the European Association of Agricultural Economists Hohenheim 1992

Franz Heidhues and Béatrice Knerr

After more than a decade of experience with structural adjustment programs, the Hohenheim-Seminar of the European Association of Agricultural Economists «Food and Agricultural Policies under Structural Adjustment» brought together researchers and development experts to exchange research results and experiences; to explore alternative approaches that might be more effective for growth, institutional development and welfare; and to draw conclusions for food and agricultural policy design. The book consistently emphasizes that appart from agricultural prices non-price factors constitute in many countries the binding constraints to better agricultural performance. Improvements are needed in education, health, social services, transport and rural support institutions. Alleviating such constraints are longterm processes, and success cannot be expected overnight. At the same time, immediate actions are needed to protect the poor against negative effects of structural adjustment measures.