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L’anglais en France

Attitudes et représentations des blogueurs francophones

Kathleen Shields

Ce volume présente la première étude qualitative de blogs français portant sur la langue anglaise. Basé sur un corpus d’articles affichés durant les années 2011 et 2012, il tient compte également de débats ayant eu lieu entre 2005 et 2015 dans les domaines de la formation, de la publicité et du cinéma. Les textes analysés vont au-delà du stéréotype bipolaire de l’anglais perçu comme menace ou, au contraire, comme atout indispensable qu’il faut adopter à tout prix. Si l’anglais est inévitable à l’heure de la mondialisation, pourquoi suscite-t-il des représentations parfois polémiques, des évaluations subjectives, des descriptions et théories diverses de la part des blogueurs ? Globish, outil, langue de culture, langue facile ou difficile, sont autant d’aspects de l’anglais abordés ici qui provoquent des expressions de sentiment linguistique ainsi que des représentations originales modifiant les idées préconçues. Les blogueurs diffèrent des experts linguistes qui occupent une place importante sur la scène publique. Pragmatiques, indifférents, nationalistes, neutres, joueurs, créatifs, passionnés par le savoir, ces savants amateurs démontrent qu’ils considèrent la connaissance des langues comme une ressource que chaque utilisateur peut adapter à ses besoins. Tout lecteur curieux de découvrir le développement de réflexions sur cette langue majeure trouvera ici une analyse originale qui touche au cadre plus large du contact des langues.

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Gained in Translation

Language, Poetry and Identity in Twentieth-Century Ireland

Kathleen Shields

This is a study of the importance of translation for twentieth-century literature in Ireland, particularly poetry. While the focus is principally on writing in English, the main argument is that translation transforms this literature by opening it up to the other literatures of Europe. The work falls into three parts: in the first the poets of the 1930s and their multilingual texts are considered. The second part deals with writers of the 1960s and 1970s and the transactions between literature in English and literature in Irish. The third part treats more recent writers and their use of translation to refer to historical events, places and lives. These visible translators, by manipulating their chosen texts, constantly call into question the idea of a national literature. The approach throughout is to bring issues current in translation studies to bear upon the field of literary criticism.
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Translating Emotion

Studies in Transformation and Renewal Between Languages

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Edited by Kathleen Shields and Michael Clarke

This collection of essays can be situated in a development that has been underway in translation studies since the early 1990s, namely the increasing focus on translators themselves: translators as embodied agents, not as instruments or conduits. The volume deals with different kinds of emotion and different levels of the translation process. For example, one essay examines the broad socio-cultural context, and others focus on the social event enacted in translation, or on the translator’s own performative act. Some of the essays also problematize the linguistic challenges posed by the cultural distance of the emotions embodied in the texts to be translated.
The collection is broad in scope, spanning a variety of languages, cultures and periods, as well as different media and genres. The essays bring diverse questions to a topic rarely directly addressed and map out important areas of enquiry: the translator as an emotional cultural intermediary, the importance of emotion to cognitive meaning, the place of emotion in linguistic reception, and translation itself as a trope whereby emotion can be expressed.