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Vergeltung, Strafe, Amnestie

Eine vergleichende Studie zu Kollaboration und ihrer Aufarbeitung in Belgien, Polen und den Niederlanden

Series:

Klaus Bachmann

Als Belgien, Polen und die Niederlande während des Zweiten Weltkrieges besetzt wurden, kollaborierten Teile der politischen Elite und der Bevölkerung mit den Besatzern. Wie mit diesen Kollaborateuren nach dem Krieg verfahren wurde, und welche Folgen dies für das politische System der Nachkriegszeit, für Demokratisierung und das Fortbestehen totalitärer Tendenzen hatte, untersucht der Autor aus anthropologischer und sozialwissenschaftlicher Perspektive. Seine überraschende Schlussfolgerung: Lynchjustiz und wilde Säuberungen erfüllen wichtige soziale Funktionen. Umfangreiche und durchgreifende politische Säuberungen tragen unter Umständen mehr zur Fortdauer totalitärer Tendenzen in einer Gesellschaft bei als eine oberflächliche aber spektakuläre Abrechnung mit wenigen prominenten Tätern.
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Der Bruch

Ursachen und Konsequenzen des Umsturzes der Verfassungsordnung Polens 2015–2016

Series:

Klaus Bachmann

Der Autor untersucht die Auswirkungen der Wahlsiege der rechtspopulistischen Partei «Recht und Gerechtigkeit» in 2015. Sie gewann sowohl die Präsidentschafts- als auch die Parlamentswahlen in Polen und konnte als erste Partei nach 1989 ohne Koalitionspartner eine Regierung bilden. Mit geradezu revolutionärem Eifer ging sie daran, die bestehende Verfassungsordnung zu stürzen.

Dieses Buch beschäftigt sich ausführlich mit den Ursachen und gesellschaftlichen Hintergründen für diese Entwicklung und ihren Folgen für Demokratie, Rechtsstaatlichkeit und innenpolitische Stabilität in Polen. Es diskutiert die Konsequenzen für die internationale Position Polens in der EU und der NATO. Der Autor hält fest, dass die Entwicklung nicht nur einen Bruch mit der Verfassungsordnung, sondern auch mit den Traditionen und politischen Werten der polnischen Rechten und der außenpolitischen Grundlinie der Dritten Polnischen Republik darstellt.

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Edited by Klaus Bachmann

The “Studies in Political Transition” are a series dedicated to publishing interdisciplinary approaches to Political Sciences, Law, and Media and Communication. Scholars examine various forms of regime changes and their impact on social and institutional matters by analyzing the mechanisms and procedures leading to those changes. The series’’ editor, Professor Klaus Bachmann, is a widely known critical commentator on issues concerning the European Union as well as contemporary Polish culture.
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Genocidal Empires

German Colonialism in Africa and the Third Reich

Series:

Klaus Bachmann

Between 1904 and 1907, German soldiers, settlers and mercenaries committed mass murder in Africa. Can this be considered the first genocide of the 20th century? Was it a forecast of the Third Reich’s extermination policy in Central and Eastern Europe? This book provides the answer. Based on extensive archival and library research in Tansania, Namibia, South Africa, Germany and Poland as well as on the most recent and up-to-date jurisprudence of international criminal tribunals, the renowned historian and political scientist Klaus Bachmann paints a new and surprising picture of the events and their legal significance, which many will find disturbing and provocative. It abolishes many well-established interpretations about German colonialism and its alleged links with the Third Reich and provides a new and intriguing contribution to the current post-colonial debate.

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Edited by Klaus Bachmann and Igor Lyubashenko

The current crisis in Ukraine has revealed a striking lack of background knowledge about Ukraine’s history and politics among West European politicians, journalists, intellectuals and even many academics. In this book, experts from Poland, Ukraine, the US, Russia and Western Europe fill the gap between an omnipresent and easily available narrative about Russia and a scarce, scattered knowledge about Ukraine. They show what history and political science can offer for a better understanding of the crisis and provide insights, which are based on reliable Ukrainian, Russian, Polish and Turkish sources and confidential interviews with key actors and advisors. Rather than offering easy answers, the authors present facts and knowledge, which enables the reader to make up his own informed opinion.
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The Legacy of Crimes and Crises

Transitional Justice, Domestic Change and the Role of the International Community

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Edited by Klaus Bachmann and Dorota Heidrich

The book shows how transitional justice experiences influence domestic change and what the role of the international community in these processes is. It is divided into three thematic parts. The first one presents regional and local transitional justice efforts, aiming at showing different mechanisms implemented within transitional justice mechanisms. The following part deals with the role and impact of international criminal tribunals set up to prosecute grave human rights abuses. The third part is devoted to the role of the international community in mass atrocity crimes prevention. The contributions prove that transitional justice measures are not universal. Rather, they must be characterized by the principle of local ownership and be crafted to circumstances on the ground.
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The Silent Majority in Communist and Post-Communist States

Opinion Polling in Eastern and South-Eastern Europe

Edited by Klaus Bachmann and Jens Gieseke

This book takes stock of opinion polls in communist and post-communist states, presents specific case studies and answers the question how opinion polls under conditions of censorship and lack of media pluralism differ from those in liberal democratic societies. These polls were mostly used by the ruling establishment to observe shifts in popular opinion and to anticipate protests. They were hardly presented publicly to inform citizens about the prevailing views in their society. Today, these polls often display stories about everyday life, opinion shifts and the legitimacy of state institutions which cannot be derived from other sources.
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When Justice Meets Politics

Independence and Autonomy of "Ad Hoc International Criminal Tribunals

Series:

Klaus Bachmann, Thomas Sparrow-Botero and Peter Lambertz

Are the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) independent actors, who mete out fair and un-biased justice, or instruments of a new world order, which execute the will of the most powerful states? By applying process tracing and frame analysis, this book reveals the interplay between the power politics of states, the agenda setting power of international criminal tribunals and the scope of the autonomy which the tribunals, the prosecutors and judges enjoy – and how they make use of it. The book details the mechanisms that govern judicial behaviour at the ICTY and the ICTR as well as the influence of the media, non-governmental organisations, governments and international organisations on judges and prosecutors. Last but not least, it shows why and how initially controversial frames like those about the «genocide in Srebrenica» and «the Rwandan genocide» became almost undisputed notions which are hardly challenged by anyone today.