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  • Author or Editor: Marcelo Caruso x
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Geist oder Mechanik

Unterrichtsordnungen als kulturelle Konstruktionen in Preußen, Dänemark (Schleswig-Holstein) und Spanien 1800-1870

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Marcelo Caruso

Die Organisation des elementaren Schulunterrichts in Jahrgangsklassen stellt ein umfassendes Ordnungsangebot für die Bevölkerung moderner Gesellschaften dar. Die allgemeine Durchsetzung dieses Organisationsprinzips wurde häufig als lineare Erfolgsgeschichte präsentiert, bei der sich eine vermeintlich eindeutige technologische Rationalität in der Systematisierung von unterrichtlichen Interaktionen und FInteraktionen und Führungstechniken durchgesetzt habe. Eine historisch-vergleichende Untersuchung der Rezeptionsverläufe des «wechselseitigen» oder «monitorialen» Unterrichts nach Bell und Lancaster zu Beginn des 19. Jahrhunderts in Preußen, in den damals dänischen Herzogtümern Schleswig und Holstein und in Spanien zeigt jedoch beträchtlich variierende Selektionen und Umdeutungen auf. Unter den Stichworten «Geist» und «Mechanik» werden kulturell distinkte Optionen herausgearbeitet, die bei der Akzeptanz von Technologieangeboten für das Klassenzimmer historisch wirksam geworden sind.
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Classroom Struggle

Organizing Elementary School Teaching in the 19th Century

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Edited by Marcelo Caruso

During the institutionalization of mass schooling in the 19 th century, teaching large groups of children became both a necessity and a matter of regulation. For officials and inspectors the systematization of classroom interactions was important for effective results. However, while systematization could bring about the constant attention of children and their uninterrupted work, interactions themselves were difficult to control. Rationalized models of classroom organization provided alternatives for managing large groups before age grading became the dominant pattern of organizing interactions. The contributions in this volume explore diverse paths of transition towards modern classroom organization in different countries, allowing transnational perspectives and comparisons.
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Internationalisierung / Internationalisation

Semantik und Bildungssystem in vergleichender Perspektive - Comparing Educational Systems and Semantics

Marcelo Caruso and Heinz-Elmar Tenorth

‚Internationalisierung’ ist aus dem Sprachgebrauch auch des Bildungsbereiches nicht mehr wegzudenken. Seit mehr als einem Jahrzehnt hat sich Jürgen Schriewer unter dem Stichwort der ‚Internationalisierung der Pädagogik’ einem Forschungsprogramm verpflichtet, das dem zunehmenden Einfluss supranationaler Zusammenhänge und Entwicklungen auf die semantische Konstruktion von Kultur und Bildung Rechnung tragen soll. Die Beiträge des Bandes nehmen diese Inspiration auf und bieten weitere Analysen zu dieser Problemstellung. Aus theoretischer, historischer und gegenwartsbezogener Perspektive werden die vergangenen und gegenwärtigen Pfade und Logiken von Internationalisierung und Internationalität im Bildungsbereich bei fortdauernder Bedeutung des Nationalen thematisiert.
‘Internationalisation’ has become a widely used concept also in educational discourse. For over a decade, Jürgen Schriewer has been involved in research addressing the ‘internationalisation of educational knowledge’, thus taking into account the increasing influence of supra-national interrelationships and developments on the semantic construction of culture and education. The contributors to this volume have been inspired by this research project and provide further analyses within this thematic complex. From theoretical, historical and present-day perspectives, the paths and logics of internationalisation and internationality within past and present educational settings are illuminated, at the same time acknowledging the enduring significance of national contexts.
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Imported Modernity in Post-Colonial State Formation

The Appropriation of Political, Educational, and Cultural Models in Nineteenth-Century Latin America

Eugenia Roldán Vera and Marcelo Caruso

The present volume analyses the actual processes by which liberal ideas and modern educational and cultural projects traveled to, and were institutionalized in, the Latin American context during the post-independence period. It comprises a number of essays that pay attention to the process of importing specific ideas to particular contexts, and to the peculiar dynamics of that communication. Although diverse in theme and methodological approach, all of the studies that make up this volume focus on the typical features characterizing the selection, appropriation and utilization of imported political discourses and institutions, models of schooling and cultural practices. Each of the contributors follows the circulation and appropriation of specific European «ideas» and «models», and discusses the social and cultural characteristics of the process of communication that shaped that circulation.
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Studia Educationis Historica

Bildungsgeschichtliche Studien / Studies in the History of Education / Estudios de Historia de la Educación

Edited by Marcelo Caruso, Eckhardt Fuchs, Gert Geißler, Sabine Reh, Eugenia Roldán Vera and Noah W. Sobe

Social and cultural processes are eminently historical. Historical research and historical studies, themselves embedded in historical contexts, meet this fact by reconstructing historical processes and by making offers for their analysis and interpretation. A series of new phenomena and transformations are currently challenging the exploration of education and formation and their different institutionalized forms. Among them, the process of ?dense’ globalization, increasing cultural transfers and entanglements, the scarcity of natural resources, the accelerated pace of the transformation of media environments and novel forms of individualization are some of the most pressing. These phenomena and transformations pose new questions for historical research in education.

The book series Studia Educationis Historica offers historical studies that address these challenges with traditional and innovative historical research methods. The series offers analyses on the history of education in different countries as well as comparative and international studies. German, English, and Spanish are the languages of the book series.


Editor’s Homepage:

Prof. Dr. Marcelo Caruso

Prof. Dr. Gert Geißler

Prof. Dr. Sabine Reh