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The Conceptual Structure(s) of Modality: Essences and Ideologies

A Study in Linguistic (Meta-)Categorization

Günther Lampert and Martina Lampert

This study takes George Lakoff’s dictum seriously that arguments about conclusions will be pointless unless there is agreement on the premises. Subscribing to the view that linguistic categorization is necessarily theory-driven, it reconstructs and assesses, on the basis of domain-independent parameters derived from General Systems Theory and Leonard Talmy’s Overlapping Systems Model of Cognitive Organization, hegemonic western conceptualizations of modality. Arguing against such propositional models of modality, the book outlines, modifies, and extends conceptualizations from a Cognitive Linguistics point of view, grounding «modality» especially on Talmy’s Imaging System of Force Dynamics. The authors conceive of modality as an experientially and perceptually motivated radial category of Image Schemata, ultimately challenging the categorial status of modality as a cognitively motivated category.
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«… the ball seemed to keep rolling …»

Linking up Cognitive Systems in Language: Attention and Force Dynamics

Martina Lampert and Günther Lampert

Again firmly rooted in Leonard Talmy’s Cognitive Semantics, this new study moves beyond the analysis of single schematic systems in language contributing to the linguistic task of conceptual integration. It investigates for the first time effects of linking up Force Dynamics, a conceptual category generalizing over the traditional notion of the causative, and the Attention system of language, as detailed in Talmy’s most recent extended draft version. To accommodate the conceptual and formal complexities involved at the interface of Attention, Force Dynamics, and Cognitive State and to allow for an appropriate degree of fine-grainedness the analytical framework affords, the exposition has been constrained to the golf scenario, where forces are at work in the physical and sociodynamic domains.
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Die parenthetische Konstruktion als textuelle Strategie

Zur kognitiven und kommunikativen Basis einer Grammatischen Kategorie.

Series:

Martina Lampert

Diese Arbeit folgt in weiten Teilen der sich etablierenden interdisziplinär ausgerichteten Kognitiven Linguistik; für diese formuliert George LAKOFF zwei grundlegende wissenschafts theoretische und methodologische Prämissen, "initial commitments": Es sind dies das Generalization Commitment, das eine linguistische Untersuchung zur wissenschaftlichen E rforschung genereller Prinzipien menschlicher Sprache verpflichtet, und das Cognitive Commitment, das eine linguistische Arbeit in interdisziplinäre Forschungen zu kognitiven, psychologischen, anthropologischen und neurologischen Aspekten menschlicher Sprachverarbeitung und allgemein mentalen Prozesse einbindet.
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Attention and Recombinance

A Cognitive-Semantic Investigation into Morphological Compositionality in English

Martina Lampert

Against the general neglect of attention phenomena in linguistics, this study, anchored in Cognitive Semantics, offers a first systematic adaptation of Leonard Talmy’s groundbreaking model of linguistic attention, applied to Webbased data of English from an emerging lexical network of emo(tion). Some fifty basic attention-related factors combine to yield increasingly complex patterns of interaction, convergence, and conflict affecting all levels of linguistic recombination, from simplex morphemes up to the text format. Differences in attentional profiles of linguistic representations may well account for conceptual alternativity, another fundamental cognitive principle in language: In their verbal interactions, interlocutors, in production and reception, will have to attend to bottom-up mechanisms and top-down strategies of attention in organizing conceptual content and conveying subtle ceptions of reality.
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‹Speaking› Quotation Marks

Toward a Multimodal Analysis of Quoting Verbatim in English

Martina Lampert

This book offers in-depth qualitative case studies of 70 acts of quoting verbatim performed by 16 US speakers across a range of public settings. While their written versions unequivocally index the other voice via quotation marks, the video data drawn from the internet largely lack any non-verbal cues. Contrary to expectation, the quotations’ verbatimness is hardly ever translated into the gradient media: It neither stands out by vocal parameters (pauses, pitch, or intensity) when analyzed acoustically with Praat; nor are (manual) gestures, shift of gaze or body posture called on to serve as regular discriminating quoting practices. In general, the other voice is effectively found backgrounded, if not suppressed, in its oral performance, unless explicitly introduced by a digital quotative.