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Abraham

Eine sozialgeschichtliche Studie

Udo Worschech

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Cromlechs, Dolmen und Menhire

Vergleichende Studie zu vor- und frühgeschichtlichen Grabanlagen in Jordanien

Udo Worschech

Die Entdeckung eines frühgeschichtlichen Gräberfeldes im Sommer 1998 im Bereich der antiken Moabitis (Zentraljordanien) veranlaßte die hier behandelte vergleichende Studie mit ähnlichen der Frühbronze-Mittelbronzezeit zugewiesenen Grabanlagen im jordanischen und palästinischen Kernland und dem Negev. Es geht um die Darstellung der Grabtypen und Grabformen speziell in Jordanien sowie um beigeordnete Elemente wie Steinkreise, Steinmale, Schalensteine und mögliche Kultinstallationen. Die Arbeit stellt einen Versuch dar, diese und andere die Grabinstallationen begleitenden Phänomene zu ordnen und dem Palästinaarchäologen eine Übersicht zu den vielerorts in der Levante verbreiteten Grabformen dieses Typs zu geben. Die Varianten des im Vorderen Orient und in Europa verbreiteten Grabtyps des Dolmen werden in einem zur weiteren Forschung anregenden Exkurs angesprochen.
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Udo Worschech

In the spring of the year 2000, north of the Iron Age site of el-Bālū c , the present-day inhabitants of the area (known as Umm Dimis) discovered a burial cave containing numerous receptacles and objects from the various settlement epochs of the northern Arḍ el-Kerak. The examination of the burial cave, its further excavation, and the preparation of drawings and photographs of the artifacts then took place in the summers of 2001 and 2002. The burial cave consists of two chambers connected with each other by a narrow corridor about one meter wide, and with the surface by a small opening in the first and a widened opening in the second chamber. Because this discovery is the first relatively widely varied collection of nearly whole vessels in the northern Arḍ el-Kerak – ranging from the early Bronze Age to the late Iron Age III – it is very important that these pieces of pottery and associated artifacts are accessible to the archaeological research in Transjordan. However, in the light of future research and insight the comments on the individual vessels will deserve amendment.
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Metaphors and Similes for Yahweh in Hosea 14:2-9 (1-8)

A Study of Hoseanic Pictorial Language

Udo Worschech

Compared with the effort to interpret Hosea 1-3, the final chapter has been rather neglected. Additionally, the variety of explanations of biblical images in Hos 14 indicates a necessity to clarify the methods of their interpretation. The metaphors and similes of Hos 14:2-9 referring to Yahweh, healing, loving dew, and tree, are investigated. They are interpreted on the background of their language conventions. Thereby the actual usage in Hosea with its twists, alterations, and reversals becomes obvious. The study demonstrates that Hosea's metaphors and similes are deeply rooted in Israelite language traditions. They are not to be interpreted as literal description of cultic experiences. All the metaphors for Yahweh in Hos 14 are traditionally connected with kingship. They are used in such a way that they express an eschatological hope with Yahweh as Israel's king, however, without downgrading Yahweh's radical judgment.
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«Ich will Ismael segnen»

Gemeinsame Wurzeln in Christentum und Islam

Udo Worschech

Die Auseinandersetzung mit dem Islam ist nicht nur ein politisch-gesellschaftliches Anliegen, sie betrifft in erster Linie die Theologie. Es geht nicht um Vordergründiges wie Kopftuch, Integration und Parallelgesellschaften, sondern um ein spirituelles Verstehen. Islam und Christentum können sich begegnen. Jedoch muss zunächst die Theologie begriffen werden. Politiker verzerren das Bild, wenn sie behaupten, in Europa gäbe es nur christlich-jüdische Wurzeln, die mit dem Islam nichts zu tun hätten. Diese grundfalsche Aussage bestätigt nur das Unwissen über den Islam, der ebenso christliche wie auch jüdische Wurzeln hat. Dies aufzuzeigen ist Inhalt dieses Werkes, das damit vor allem zur Diskussion zu einigen theologischen Positionen in Christentum und Islam anregen will.
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Alois Musil in the «Ard el-Kerak»

A Compendium of Musil’s Itineraries- Observations and Comments from Surveys in 2005-2006

Udo Worschech

The volume gives a summary and evaluation of Alois Musil’s travels in the Ard el-Kerak, the ancient Moabitis, during the years 1896 to 1902. References are made to his records and observations regarding Biblical sites and the customs of settled and nomadic tribes in the Kerak region at that time. The volume is also intended to give credit to the meticulous work of A. Musil (1868-1944) and the valuable information he gave about the geography and topography of the ancient Moabite territory. Musil faithfully recorded the Arabic names of all the landscapes, roadways, watercourses, wadis, and ancient ruins he encountered. These are still neglected in modern discussions about the archaeology and history of ancient Moab. This volume is intended to help researchers of the region to find their way, following in A. Musil’s footsteps and, hopefully, gain more insights into this land from his work called Arabia Petraea I.
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Udo Worschech

This book is a first presentation of pottery samples from el-Bālū‛ in the northern Ard el-Kerak, the ancient Moabitis which today is Central Jordan. The forms presented here are dating from the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age down to the Persian periods of occupation of the site of el-Bālū‛. The book does not discuss the pottery in the wider context of Jordanian or Palestinian ceramics; however, the intention was to present pottery from the hitherto only sparsely published Iron Age pottery of the region. With this documentation scholars of the Archaeology of Jordan are invited to work on the ceramics excavated in the Areas A, B, C, D, E, and G of el-Bālū‛.
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Udo Worschech and Friedbert Ninow

This study seeks to ascertain whether there are indicators of typology within the Old Testament. Various elements that comprise biblical typology such as the historical aspect, divine design, prophetic aspect, Steigerung (intensification), and eschatology are traced in a number of texts that deal with the Exodus motif. Chapter 1 surveys the perception and use of typology throughout the centuries up to the present. Chapter 2 seeks to establish the basic elements that are part of a biblical typology in passages that are directly linked to or describe the Exodus in the Pentateuch. Chapter 3 seeks to trace these elements throughout the prophetic writings that deal with the Exodus motif. This study concludes that there is, indeed, a type/anti-type relation that connects the Old with the New Testament which has various indicators already within the Old Testament.