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Chapter 9 Evil and the Human/Animal Divide: From Pliny to Paré Kathleen Perry Long Abstract One striking difference between humans and animals, at least in ancient and medieval thought, is the human capacity for evil. In his Natural History , Pliny portrays elephants and some other animals as superior to humans, arguing that they do not harm their own kind. Elephants are particularly ethical, refusing to harm other creatures, even at the peril of their own lives. The monstrous human races are described in neutral terms. Caesar, on the other hand, is portrayed as

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Chapter 09 ← 188 | 189 → BLAKE GUTT An Infestation of Signification: Narrative and Visual Parasitism on the Manuscript Page ABSTRACT This chapter employs the parasitic systems theory of Michel Serres, as well as Deleuze and Guattari’s conceptualization of the rhizome, as it explores the systems of relation and signification at work on the pages of the medieval manuscript. Taking as a case study the medieval French Vie de Saint Denis [ Life of Saint Denis ], which it examines alongside a type of inter- and intra-textual marginalia (hybrid letter-images), the

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over the centuries echo broader changes in Western medieval devotionalism, and their manifestations in Jerusalem. The sacred stones of Jerusalem could be discussed in relation to different frames of reference: one might think of them as places which mark in situ the spots where biblical events were believed to have taken place: the rock in Gethsemane stands for the biblical place of Gethsemane where Christ prayed in Agony (Matthew 26:36, Mark 14:32, Luke 22:43) (fig. 1). 1 A rock linked to Christ’s Agony was shown within (or next to) the Byzantine church of

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Le verbe modal devoir en français médiéval et contemporain: hypothèses pragmatiques sur le changement sémantique Cécile BARBET Université de Neuchâtel & Université du Littoral – Côte d’Opale Introduction L’étude du changement linguistique, et des mécanismes qui en sont les ressorts, suscite un intérêt croissant chez les chercheurs grâce notamment aux hypothèses proposées par diverses écoles à propos de ce que l’on ap- pelle la grammaticalisation, c’est-à-dire le processus par lequel des morphèmes lexicaux deviennent des morphèmes grammaticaux. Parmi

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the work of the foremost authorities on medieval English palaeography, yet how uncritically he endorses the much less authoritative claims of Manly and Rickert. Thus Ramsey rejects Doyle and Parkes’s conclusions about the scribal copying and circulation of Chaucerian and other literary manuscripts, based upon their codicologi- cal and palaeographical examination of a single copy of Gower’s Confessio Amantis, Trinity College Cambridge MS R.3.2. Doyle and Parkes argued that the anomalies and confusions apparent in the co-ordination of the five scribal stints in

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Chapter10 ← 186 | 187 → Medieval Documentation and Archives in Catalonia after the 19 th Century Upheavals Flocel S ABATÉ Universitat de Lleida Catalonia is a small country made up of an amalgam of counties that split off from the Carolingian Empire when it entered into crisis in the Early Middle Ages. These counties progressively drew together until they formed their own union in the 12 th century. From then on, in the Late Middle Ages, this union led to a federation of territories around the Western Mediterranean known as the Crown of Aragon, which finally

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Medieval Roots The Medieval Roots of Catalan Identity Flocel Sabaté Universitat de Lleida and Institut d’Estudis Catalans Since the earliest days, history has been used more or less consciously to seek the roots that justify choices and positions in the present time. The looping feedback that this entails can seriously blur our knowledge of the past by situating behind numerous layers of interpretation. Proposals that entail actual deconstructions of the historical language are therefore not mere rhetorical devices but attempts to truly understand the texts

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. ← 354 | 355 → Bringing classical and medieval medical views on conception together with psychoanalytical views on fatherhood, Jane Gilbert 8 has shown that the father principle, together with its structuring impact as logos , is the hinge uniting religious and cultural discourse on the one hand and biology on the other. The King of Tars presents the Aristotelian view, according to which it is the mother who provides “matter” and the father who confers “form” – from this point of view the failure of generation is on the father’s side 9 . At the same time, the

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readers may have been able to recognize its pattern and establish a relation of meaning between the two texts. To verify this hypothesis, this paper contains a brief survey of the medieval practice of reusing material, more specifically images, followed by a study of examples suggesting Parisian publishers indeed made meaningful reuses. The focus of this article is on Parisian early printed book illustration (from roughly 1476 to 1560), 1 and the way woodcuts were sometimes reused to link two texts. To explain what I mean by this, I will begin with an example that was

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Familial Discourses in The Book of Margery Kempe | 61 → 3 The Book of Margery Kempe 3.1 Questions of Author, Scribe, Genre and Style Many of the idiosyncrasies commonly associated with Margery Kempe’s character find their extension in the elusive nature of the written record of her life. Manifold virtually unanswerable questions keep surrounding The Book of Margery Kempe . Whether one should treat The Book as an authentic historical document describing the actual life story of a medieval woman called Margery Kempe or whether one should favour a purely