Search Results

You are looking at 41 - 50 of 102 items for :

  • All: The African Continuum and African American Women Writers x
  • Linguistics x
Clear All
Restricted access

Series:

purifier. 1961 James R. Jude, an American cardiologist, led a team performing the first external cardiac massage to restart a heart. 1965 Michael DeBakey and Adrian Kantrowitz, American surgeons, implant mechanical devices to help a diseased heart. 1967 Christiaan Barnard, a South African surgeon, performed the first whole heart transplant from one person to another. 1982 Willem DeVries, an American surgeon, implanted a permanent artificial heart, designed by Robert Jarvik, an American physician, into a patient. 2006 Various trials began looking at

Restricted access

Series:

extends in range from new nations of Africa but slightly removed from their tribal structure to the elaborate economic and social apparatus of Western na- tions. At each stage along this continuum there is an appropriate policy for further advance. What is appropriate at one stage is wrong at another. (Gal- braith) When I read Robert Frost’s lines from “The Black Cottage”: ‘Most of the change we think we see in life is due to truths being in and out of favor’ it occurred to me at once that they sound altogether too much like economics. (Solow) There are many

Restricted access

Series:

.8% compared to 2000, with Africa, Latin America and the Middle East taking the lion’s share. 54 Alessandra Vicentini access the Internet yet, it has become a fact nowadays. Through the web, users/potential patients are now provided with all types of infor- mation and a full range of possible services from which to choose, with convenient times, treatments and costs; healthcare/medical prod- ucts and services (e.g. medications, drugs, diagnostic and genetic tests, etc.) are now directly available via the Internet, while beforehand their access and practice were

Restricted access

Series:

the 1960s, there has been public debate in Finland on the frontal, i.e. “the sharp” variant of /s/. This debate has occasionally appeared, for example, in the letters to the editor of the leading newspaper, Helsingin Sanomat (Vierikko 1998). Vierikko discussed the sharp /s/ as a speech impairment, won- dering whether this phenomenon might in the future be agreed on as a “normal”, acceptable variant. The writer maintained that back in the 1960s, a group of young girls in Helsinki had first adopted this pronunciation from a French teach- er. Iivonen, a professor

Restricted access

Series:

, discovering that writers from Spain were less negative than Anglo-American scholars. Consis- tent with the less generous posture of the soft sciences, in the genre of critique, sociologists have been found to express criticism in espe- cially contentious terms (Lewin 2005a). Peer reviews represent another genre in which evaluative lan- guage is inherent but, unlike book reviews and critiques, they are anonymous and unpublished. In contrast to the book reviews referred to above, peer reviews (Fortanet 2008), exhibited a far higher propor- tion overall of negative

Restricted access

Series:

(Labov et al. 1968) to lexical phonology (Guy 1991)  and Optimality Theory (Kiparsky 1994). All of these models are based on the assumption that (t,d) deletion is a single, unified process, an assumption that Tamminga and Fruehwald question. Analyzing two corpora of American English, they found that semi-weak verbs have higher rates 1 This study is based on the Toronto English Archive, which was collected by Sali A. Tagliamonte through the generous funding of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (2003–2006) for research grant #410

Restricted access

Series:

other hand, Barilla ads in the USA portray typically blonde American women. Selling Who We are and /or What Our Product is 275 Figure 8. The Italian food collection. The above examples confirm that national/local culture and identity are relied upon when it comes to the representation of products and nations in the world of global advertising. The following sections will therefore investigate the main strategies which are commonly de- ployed to enhance a company’s competitive advantage. 4. The ceramic industry Nowadays, when thinking of Italian products

Restricted access

Series:

-86. Halliday, Michael A.K. 1989. Spoken and Written Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Halliday, Michael A.K. 2004. The Language of Science. Vol. 5 in the Collected Works of M.A.K. Halliday, Webster, Jonathan (ed.) London: Continuum. Halliday, Michael A.K. / Matthiessen, Christian 32004. An Introduction to Functional Grammar. London: Arnold. La Forge, Jan 1991. Preferred Language Practice in Professional Rehabilitation Journals. The Journal of Rehabilitation 57/1, 49- 51. Lakoff, George 1987. Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things: What Categories Reveal About

Restricted access

Series:

as a result this approach was to acquire the label ′structuralism′. The structuralist approach had made itself the dominant paradigm in linguistics before the mid-twentieth century and the formerly dominant historical linguistics was cast into the shadows. This evolution of the discipline was indubitably induced by the nineteenth-century spread of a global European dominance which brought European and European- American linguists into sustained contact with a multitude of languages without written forms in Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Australasia. To such

Restricted access

Series:

deliberate change of the meaning and function of words, have been reported in many early studies of sociolinguistics, particularly within the concepts of “ethnolect” (e.g., Carlock & Wölck 1981; Eckert 2008) or “ethnic dialect” (e.g., Blom & Gumperz 1972; Fishman 1997). In the U.S.A., for instance, a pioneering study on African American Vernacular English was con- ducted by Labov (1972). Studies can also been found regarding the linguistic features of Japanese Americans (Mendoza-Denton & Iwai 1993), Chicanos in California (Fought 2003) and Chinese Americans (Wong