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contemporary narrative. With rare exceptions, Spanish narrative since the 1980s has been set in unquestionably urban environments. Various critical studies have employed theories that analyze space from social, political, economic, cultural, and intimate perspectives, or have adopted the perspective of the “spatial shift” identified in the social sciences and humanities, to explore literary images of artificial, urban landscapes and their significance. Many have linked urban landscapes to modern and postmodern ideas of space, associated with social fragmentation and loss of

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higher levels of trust (Dainton & Aylor, 2001). Relationship maintenance is important to team contexts as well (McGrath, 1991), in that communication is central to distributed team processes (Gibson & Gibbs, 2006). As Gibbs and colleagues (2008) argue, “Although teaming, in general, may be conceptualized as constituted through communication, the constitutive role of communication may be even more pronounced in virtual teams because communication facilitates the team’s existence” (p. 192). Given the constitutive force of communication, interpersonal interactions must be

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Language Use in the Public Sphere M ANUEL C ASADO -V ELARDE Trust and Suspicion as Principles of Discourse Analysis 1 In this chapter, the author discusses influential perspectives on language and discourse in the modern era (in Nietzsche, analytic philosophy, Wittgenstein, Ogden and Richards, etc.) focusing on the underlying epistemological attitude of suspicion. Coseriu’s critique of the polar-opposite attitudes of overconfidence (logicism) and excessive suspicion (antilogicism) with respect to language is analyzed. The conclusion comprises an overview of

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. (1998). My tinylife: Crime and passion in a virtual world. New York: Henry Holt. Dodson, S. (2004, November 16). Let the games begin: All work and no play is a thing of the past now that educational gaming is moving into schools. The Guardian, 4. Dohney-Farina, S. (1996). The wired neighborhood. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. Donath, J. (2007). Signals in social supernets. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 13(1), article 11. Retrieved January 29, 2008, from http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol13/issue/ donath.html. Donath, J. S. (1999). Identity and

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, trust, credibility and bonding. 7.3 Narrative and storytelling frames 7.3.1 Pronominal use and narrative perspectivization The narrative mode is also a powerful conveyor of directive speech acts, and these ‘storytelling frames’ can be described in terms of linguistic cues and markers. Pronominal usage was identified and quantified by Wmatrix for the two sets of data, as shown in Table 3. PRONOUN STRESS ONLINE I 1.1% 1.8% YOU 4.3% 2.6% (S)HE 0.5% 0.8% WE 0.6% 0.4% THEY 0.3% 1.2% Table 3. Pronominal usage for Stress and Online. The most striking finding is the

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educate the public and reconfigure science from a closed to an open activity, thereby democratizing science and increasing its effectiveness and impact. Nonetheless, evaluating the promises and effectiveness of citizen science is necessary, for example, by questioning and putting in perspective the nature and the size of the crowd of citizen scientists. The current chapter describes how citizens science can enhance the confidence, trust, understanding, and popularization of science, also taking into account the disadvantages of including citizens in scientific research

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.P. Huntington (eds), Many Globaliza- tions: Cultural Diversity in the Contemporary World, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Bernstein, Richard and Munro, Ross (1998). The Coming Conflict with China, New York: Random House. Billig, M. (1995). Banal Nationalism, London: Sage. Blumer, H. (1953) “The mass, the public, and public opinion”, in M. Janowitz and B. Berelson (eds), Reader in Public Opinion and Communication, Glencoe: Free Press. Brady, A.-M. (2002). “Regimenting the public mind: the modernisa- tion of propaganda in the PRC”, International Journal, 57

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, or, at the very least, about the development of a better society based on direct food exchange. The “political tomato” can sometimes be seen more clearly than other aspects of co-operatives’ outlook, but in essence it is always there. In summary, farmers’ markets – as traditional, pre-modern short food chains – and co-operatives – as contemporary post-modern short food chains – are characterised by differing types of social relations. At farmers’ markets, directness means that there is individual contact between producer and consumer, as well as sociability, trust

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’s Economy of Favours. Blat, Networking and Informal Exchange ,Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. Leung, L. (2005) Virtual Ethnicity: Race, Resistance and the World Wide Web , Aldershot, Ashgate. Matsuzato, K. (2001) From ethno-Bonapartism to centralized caciquismo: characteristics and origins of the Tatarstan political regime, 1900–2000. Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics 17 (4), 43–77. Misztal, B. (2000) Informality. Social Theory and Contemporary Practice , London, Routledge. Modood, T. (2004) Capitals, ethnic identity and educational

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’) sensitizes to the complex and ambiguous interrelations that can be brought about by signs: What was actually sold in the case of the Meinl-securities scandal was a sign, a name that was subject to a misreading. Jelinek deliberately exercises comparable acts of misunderstanding of signs in The Merchant’s Contracts and thus makes clear that any activity in the contemporary financial sector requires semiotic sensitivity and exactness. What Jelinek’s text brings into focus is that the market often is not only a virtual space for buying and selling but also for negotiating