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Incarcerated Interactions

A Theory-Driven Analysis of Applied Prison Communication

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Edited By Erik D. Fritsvold and Jonathan M. Bowman

Incarcerated Interactions: A Theory-Driven Analysis of Applied Prison Communication is an innovative, applied edited book that uses core interdisciplinary social science theories to analyze and describe the social psychology and sociology of communicative interactions amongst incarcerated individuals. Beginning with the fundamentals of human interactions, this edited volume allows scholars across a variety of disciplines (such as criminology, sociology, communication studies, social psychology, anthropology, and economics) to become familiar with and apply the core principles and the requisite terminology of human communication within a criminological context. Each of the four sections of the text not only build upon the knowledge structures of previous chapters, but also function as stand-alone analyses and/or applications of extant scholarship within essential contexts. From a general discussion of core social science theory to the specific application of that theory in a range of scholarly contexts, this book addresses relevant issues such as mental illness and wellness, the gendered experience of inmates, recidivism rates, violence, the criminogenic effect of incarceration and the large-scale implications of prison gangs and their associated cultural influence, to name a few.

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15. In a Man’s World: Female Correctional Officers & Expectancy Violations : Danielle Mccourt

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15. In a Man’s World: Female Correctional Officers & Expectancy Violations

DANIELLE MCCOURT

“The Federal Bureau of Prisons protects society by confining offenders in the controlled environments of prisons and community-based facilities that are safe, humane, cost-efficient, and appropriately secure, and that provide work and other self-improvement opportunities to assist offenders in becoming law-abiding citizens.”

—FEDERAL BUREAU OF PRISONS (2012)

Statements like the one above lay out the Federal Bureau of Prisons’ idealistic vision of prison as not only a holding place for society’s criminals, but also a place where those who have committed crimes learn something about the consequences of their actions, and become more equipped to re-enter their communities as productive contributors. A quantifiable measure of the degree to which prisons are failing to reach this ideal is the recidivism rate for American inmates. Historically in California, two out of three inmates are sent back to prison within three years (Petersilia, 2005). Given this and other research on prison populations, many argue that the net effect of prison is criminogenic, rather than rehabilitative.

Since many inmates will be released back to public culture, the effect that prison has on them should be at the forefront of prison reform efforts. Correctional officers are a major component of the power exerted on inmates, and thus have a large influence on their experience in prison. It then follows that this influence extends to also...

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