Toward a Realist Doctrine of Creation
2 Moving into Modernity
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Moving into Modernity
By the late seventeenth century, the Enlightenment, with its emphasis on reason and independent thinking, was in its nascent stages, and the growth of scientific exploration led to an expectation that the world’s operations would continue to become more and more transparent. A trust in God’s providence, insofar as it relied on the mysterious operations of the world, was being lost among the leading intellectuals of the time. Belief in God’s providence being actualized through natural processes—a belief held, for example, by Galileo—was increasingly put into doubt. At the hands of Western European thinkers, the searing light of reason was casting a critical eye on the view of a good, just, and omnipotent God.
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