The Rise of Multiculturalism in Canada and Australia, 1890s–1970s
3 The Introduction of a Multicultural Policy in Canada, 1963–1971
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The Introduction of a Multicultural Policy in Canada, 1963–1971
In the early 1970s Canada introduced a multicultural policy, which replaced integration as the government’s main approach towards the settling of migrants. A multicultural policy emerged out of a philosophy of multiculturalism; there was a distinction between the two. A philosophy of multiculturalism replaced the “new nationalism” as the basis of Canadian national identity. Furthermore, a post–White Canada policy was adopted in the early 1970s after a non-discriminatory immigration policy had been introduced in the late 1960s.
The “New Nationalism,” the French-Canadians, and a Non-discriminatory Immigration Policy
It was our purpose to develop national symbols which would give us pride and confidence and belief in Canada.1
The foregoing quote from Pearson on the adoption of the new Maple Leaf flag in 1965 encapsulates the essence of the “new nationalism” during this period. It emerged as something to potentially fill the void left by the demise of Britishness in English-speaking Canada. The “new nationalism” involved the construction ← 81 | 82 → of local symbols of identity to replace those of British race patriotism. Pearson elaborated upon what the “new nationalism” meant in a speech on the occasion of Dominion Day in 1963:
Our national identity was not easy to create and it will not be easy to preserve and develop … That is why we more than most people must always make a special...
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