The Rise of Multiculturalism in Canada and Australia, 1890s–1970s
5 Integration Policy in Australia, 1962–1972
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Integration Policy in Australia, 1962–1972
During the period 1962–72 integration replaced assimilation as official government policy in dealing with migrants in Australia. Migrants were now encouraged to incorporate themselves into the dominant Anglo-Celtic society but also to retain elements of their own culture. The policy emerged in response to the unravelling of Britishness and the incremental dismantling of the White Australia policy as the twin pillars of Australian national identity. The “new nationalism,” which stressed a more independent and homegrown Australian image, arose as a possible replacement to British race patriotism towards the end of this period. At the same time whiteness was also broken down.
The Demise of Britishness and the Unravelling of the White Australia Policy during the 1960s and 1970s
In the 1960s Britishness or British race patriotism progressively lost much of its appeal as a national ideal. This had been precipitated by the UK’s decision to seek membership in the EEC in 1961. But the complete move away from the belief that Australians were a British people was a slow process. It did not culminate until the late 1960s, or even the early 1970s. Together with the unravelling of ← 143 | 144 → British race patriotism, this period also saw the breaking down of racially based immigration legislation. This was primarily due to changing international circumstances and moral criticisms of the policy. The changing international circumstances were related to increasing numbers...
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