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The Theory of Social Pulsation


Ivo Komsic

The Theory of Social Pulsation is a new social theory elaborated from the social phenomenology and philosophy of sciences’ standpoint. It represents an innovative interpretation of social phenomena postulated as active states of social actors including individuals, social groups, and social facts (organizations, institutions, systems). As an active state of social actors, pulsation is defined by eight variables that constitute social phenomena as a whole: (a) intention, (b) reaction, (c) reflection, (d) communication, (e) institutionalization, (f) internalization, (g) structuration, and (h) innovation.

Ivo Komsic argues that social states are pulsating and within those states, social causality is transferred from one social actor to another. Social actors continuously transfer social causality from one to another, depending on the intensity of its pulsation. Balanced or unbalanced, functional or dysfunctional, consensual or imposed, a system will be classified in the presence or absence of one of these phenomena, by its greater or lesser intensity. The theory posits a new paradigm that tends to overcome the "eternal" problem in sociology—relations between individuals as social actors and social structure, that is, "social statics" and "social dynamics," the role of the great historical personalities and the "objective law of history," freedom and necessity in social action, micro and macro social levels.

The model of social communication analyzed in the book can be used as a general model of social and political communication, particularly in multiethnic and multicultural societies considering the contemporary state of affairs globally.

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Proposition I


Pulsation is a state in which we find social actors—individuals, social groups, institutions, systems. It is an active state.


Social actors are in a pulsating relationship with one another. This state differs from the state of other physical objects and living things—both are in an unchanging causal bond and exist only within this determination of necessity. Pulsation is a state in which social actors simultaneously establish a mutual relationship as well as a relationship toward the self. Without a mutual relationship, the relationship toward the self would not be possible; without a relationship toward the self, the mutual relationship would not be possible—these are reversible relations. Without pulsation social actors would not develop; individuals, institutions, social groups, and societies would remain stagnant. No individual social actor constitutes himself by merely relying on himself alone, on his internal structure, but he rather forms the self as an individual through a functioning relationship towards others. Social actors are not self-contained monads, the possibility of their actualization exists only in this pulsating act.

Social pulsation is an assorted state of action that includes all its phenomena cumulatively: intention, reaction, reflection, communication, institutionalization, internalization, structuration, and innovation.←15 | 16→

a) Intention is directed towards somebody, and it is presented through language or some other symbolic method. The other is not instituted by intention, it is rather presupposed like the rest of the objective world. Intention is always directed towards the...

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