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Gender and Violence in Spanish Culture

From Vulnerability to Accountability

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Edited By María José Gámez Fuentes and Rebeca Maseda García

For the true exercise of citizenship to occur, gender violence must be eradicated, as it is not an interpersonal problem, but an attack on the very concept of democracy. Despite increasing social awareness and legal measures taken to fight gender violence, it is still prevalent worldwide. Even in a country such as Spain, praised in the UN Handbook for Legislation on Violence Against Women (2010) for its advanced approach on gender violence, the legal framework has proved insufficient and deeper sociocultural changes are needed. This book presents, in this respect, groundbreaking investigations in the realm of politics, activism, and cultural production that offer both a complex picture of the agents involved in its transformation and a nuanced panorama of initiatives that subvert the normative framework of recognition of victims of gender violence. As a result, the book chapters articulate a construction of the victim as a subject that reflects and acts upon his/her experience and vulnerability, and also adopt perspectives that frame accountability within the representational tradition, the community, and the state.

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Chapter Four: Tactical Media and Activism Against Gender-Based Violence: Fetishization and Counterhegemonic Frameworks of Recognition (Sonia Núñez Puente)

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chapter four

Tactical Media and Activism Against Gender-Based Violence

Fetishization and Counterhegemonic Frameworks of Recognition

Sonia Núñez Puente

In seeking to reveal the effectiveness of digital tools for political activism, critics have focused on feminist online media activism (Nakamura 2002 Kotsko 2010; Hoofd 2012; Haraway 2014). Beyond the advantages that online technologies offer for expanding the transnational scope of feminist activism, a significant topic in critical debates has been the intricate processes of reception, consumption, and materiality associated with feminist tactical media. Although the term “cyberfeminism” has served to identify these interventions in the past, “feminist tactical media” represents for some a more expansive concept in how it assists us in defining the actual digital practices that characterize feminist online culture (Paasonen 2011: 347). It is necessary thus to be concerned not only with the success of the ideas communicated through online activism, but also with the specific characteristics of how activism is articulated as well as its specific strategies, such as culture jamming or the subversive resignification of the process of commodification. Following this line of inquiry, this chapter centers on artistic and creative forms of feminist intervention in Spain and how these forms relate to activism and tactical media. In what follows, I will specifically consider the case of Spanish feminist actions against gender-based violence with the aim of discussing the possibilities that these actions present for the creation of counterhegemonic frameworks of recognition. I will also explore the...

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