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Gender and Violence in Spanish Culture

From Vulnerability to Accountability

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Edited By María José Gámez Fuentes and Rebeca Maseda García

For the true exercise of citizenship to occur, gender violence must be eradicated, as it is not an interpersonal problem, but an attack on the very concept of democracy. Despite increasing social awareness and legal measures taken to fight gender violence, it is still prevalent worldwide. Even in a country such as Spain, praised in the UN Handbook for Legislation on Violence Against Women (2010) for its advanced approach on gender violence, the legal framework has proved insufficient and deeper sociocultural changes are needed. This book presents, in this respect, groundbreaking investigations in the realm of politics, activism, and cultural production that offer both a complex picture of the agents involved in its transformation and a nuanced panorama of initiatives that subvert the normative framework of recognition of victims of gender violence. As a result, the book chapters articulate a construction of the victim as a subject that reflects and acts upon his/her experience and vulnerability, and also adopt perspectives that frame accountability within the representational tradition, the community, and the state.

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Chapter Six: Dialogues Among Diverse Women: Transforming Established Hegemonic Narratives in Associative Initiatives (Lídia Puigvert / Cristina Pulido)

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chapter six

Dialogues Among Diverse Women

Transforming Established Hegemonic Narratives in Associative Initiatives

Lídia Puigvert and Cristina Pulido

Certain academic reflections during the 1990s in Spain identified women with low social economic status as the main potential victims of gender violence (Jovani et al. 1993; Echeburúa et al. 1997). However, evidence from posterior scientific research (Oliver & Valls 2004; Straus 2004) as well as from associative initiatives such as the Solidarity Network of Victims of Gender Violence in Spanish universities (composed by female students and Faculty), and also the ones carried out by what we would call from now on “other women”, quickly realised how gender violence is a social problem directly affecting women of different ages, status, educational levels and cultural backgrounds. By “other women” we refer here to the vast majority of adult women who, without a university degree, or even with or without basic educational level, participate in Spanish adult associations like the Federation of Cultural and Adult Education Associations (FACEPA) in order to work against gender violence; also, they include the mothers and grandmothers who participate in the prevention of gender-based violence in their children’s schools in Spain. They are those women who have been neglected in the feminist discourses as well as in their struggles, for not being academics and for being part of cultural minority groups (De Botton et al. 2005).

By not articulating the voices from those other women, wrong arguments...

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