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Uses of African Antiquity in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries

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Jorge Serrano

African antiquity has been discerned both nullifyingly and constructively. Uses of African Antiquity in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries reveals how reading the past can be extended to understand sensitivities involving origins and how it imparts collective posture. The ancient historical imagery epitomized by writers and artists alike includes the distant past as well as an immediate past. Comparatively, representation of time long gone records transhistorical presence and civilizational participation and agentic validity. African antiquity can be construed as diasporic through time and space and in regards to nomenclature it extends understanding of peopleness, e.g. Libya, Ethiopia, Africa, Afrika, African Egypt, Kemet, Alkebu-lan, Nubia, Ta-Seti, Ta-Nehisi, Ta-Merry, Kush, Axum, Meroë, Ghana, Mali, Songhai, Zulu, and so many more are recognized in a time-spatial continuum linked to African, Colored, Negro, and Black, as various terms inform origins identity. Unfortunately, typologies disciplinarily stem from anthropological construction, yet here African antiquity as sign heralds clines and clusters; splintering Africana from humanitas ultimately contends against subjugation. African antiquity absorbs character and notions of diachronologically dispersed peoples reflect origins indulgence. African antiquity as a stretched concept and/or historicism triply adds understanding, grouping, and alterity. This primarily is a review of thinkers who defend against people erasure in the past with its socially and nihilistic affective ways.

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Chapter 2. Theoretical Multiplicity

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Chapter 2

Theoretical Multiplicity

Multiplicity as a Means of Holism

The selected literary works, i.e., chiefly works produced by William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, made use of the past in order to rectify American civilization and they were part of the African American literary and historical struggle for freedom. Unfortunately, there also are counterarguments about utopic visions that involve a dialogic that explicates an in-­depth understanding about the African American intellectual landscape of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that made use of knowledge of civilization. A review in theoretical archaeological fashion is required to study the African American literary interpretation of the civilizational past and the struggle by African American intellectuals to put forward an examination and connectivity of an uplifting civilizational past.

It is multidisciplinary and not strictly interdisciplinary, but the importance of its critical literary application is in the use of an Africa-­centrality theory via a postprocessual archaeological and thus methodological realm of interpretation that is based on the multiplicity of←41 | 42→ meanings and varied understandings about the past. Many have argued that it would be anachronistic to take late nineteenth- and early twentieth-­century thoughts about the past and compare them to present scientific notions. African American thoughts were antithetical to certain scientific observations and knowledge, but still today there are claims of social hierarchy and differentiation. There is a need for exploration of the African American use of both scriptural and secular readings...

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