The Art and Science of How People Learn - Revised Edition
Edited By Greg S. Goodman
4. Beyond Reductionism: Difference, Criticality, and Multilogicality in the Bricolage and Postformalism
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Difference, Criticality, and Multilogicality in the Bricolage and Postformalism
Joe L. Kincheloe
In both my constructions of the research bricolage (Kincheloe, 2001; Kincheloe and Berry, 2004) and a postformal psychology (Kincheloe and Steinberg, 1993; Kincheloe, Steinberg, and Hinchey, 1999), I have drawn on the power of difference and multilogicality. Both of these concepts have relevance for researchers concerned with issues of multiculturalism and diversity—especially in critical forms of multiculturalism (Kincheloe and Steinberg, 1997) that are focused on issues of race, class, gender, and sexual justice vis-à-vis a complex understanding of power. This chapter concentrates on the power of difference and multilogicality in such a critical multiculturalism, in the process exploring how such a focus enhances the research process and the quality of the knowledge we produce about culture and selfhood. Before going any further, it is important to first define the research terms “bricolage” and “postformalism.”
For the last several years with the help of Norm Denzin and Yvonna Lincoln (2000), I have been working on the extension of their concept of bricolage—a multi-method mode of research referenced by a variety of researchers but not developed in detail. On one level bricolage can be described as the process of getting down to the nuts and bolts of multidisciplinary research. Ethnography, textual analysis, semiotics, hermeneutics, psychoanalysis, phenomenology, historiography, discourse analysis combined with philosophical analysis, literary...
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