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Educational Psychology Reader

The Art and Science of How People Learn - Revised Edition

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Edited By Greg S. Goodman

The revised edition of Educational Psychology Reader: The Art and Science of How People Learn presents an exciting amalgam of educational psychology’s research-based reflections framed in twenty-first century critical educational psychology. As a discipline, educational psychology is reinventing itself from its early and almost exclusive identification with psychometrics and taxonomy-styled classifications to a dynamic and multicultural collage of conversations concerning language acquisition, socially mediated learning, diverse learning modalities, motivation, the affective domain, brain-based learning, the role of ecology in increasing achievement, and many other complementary dimensions of how people learn. Many polymaths of the discipline are included in this volume, providing daunting evidence of the range and intellectual rigor of educational psychology at this historical juncture. Featuring a collection of renowned international authors, this text will appeal to scholars across the globe. The Educational Psychology Reader is an ideal choice as either the primary or supplemental text for both undergraduate and graduate level educational psychology courses.
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7. A Positive Procedure to Increase Compliance in the General Education Classroom for a Student with Serious Emotional Disorders

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CHAPTER SEVEN

A Positive Procedure to Increase Compliance in the General Education Classroom for a Student with Serious Emotional Disorders

Paul Beare, Colleen Torgerson, & Kelly Dubois-Gerchak



Students with serious emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) often display academic deficits that cause them to lag behind nondisabled peers in most or all academic areas (e.g., Mattison, Spitznagel, & Felix, 1998). Improving academic skills represents a difficult task because of the externalizing behaviors that take place concurrent with academic instruction, particularly in structured environments (Nelson, Benner, Lane, & Smith, 2004). These behaviors interfere with students’ ability and motivation to follow directions (Walker, Ramsey, & Gresham, 2004). Noncompliant behaviors may sometimes function as a way for students with EBD to escape undesirable academic tasks (negative reinforcement) or obtain attention from others (positive reinforcement) (Maag & Anderson, 2006). A variety of applied behavior analysis (ABA) strategies have been used to address behaviors characteristic of noncompliance (Maag, 2005).

Video modeling consists of having an individual view a video of himself or herself engaging in a behavior targeted for intervention. Video modeling comes from social learning theory and the concept that individuals learn through observation. Albert Bandura, the father of social learning theory, described video modeling as a technique to increase self-efficacy in that it provides clear information on how best to perform certain actions, strengthening belief in one’s competency (Bandura, 1997). Video modeling intervention has an advantage over other strategies in that...

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