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Educational Psychology Reader

The Art and Science of How People Learn - Revised Edition


Edited By Greg S. Goodman

The revised edition of Educational Psychology Reader: The Art and Science of How People Learn presents an exciting amalgam of educational psychology’s research-based reflections framed in twenty-first century critical educational psychology. As a discipline, educational psychology is reinventing itself from its early and almost exclusive identification with psychometrics and taxonomy-styled classifications to a dynamic and multicultural collage of conversations concerning language acquisition, socially mediated learning, diverse learning modalities, motivation, the affective domain, brain-based learning, the role of ecology in increasing achievement, and many other complementary dimensions of how people learn. Many polymaths of the discipline are included in this volume, providing daunting evidence of the range and intellectual rigor of educational psychology at this historical juncture. Featuring a collection of renowned international authors, this text will appeal to scholars across the globe. The Educational Psychology Reader is an ideal choice as either the primary or supplemental text for both undergraduate and graduate level educational psychology courses.
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34. Using Visualization and Deep Breathing


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Using Visualization and Deep Breathing

David M. Tack

“Dad, relax! Just take a couple deep breaths. Copy after me like this, and you won’t be upset anymore.”

This is the advice my two-year old daughter Gabby Jeanne gave me while we were driving home after I had a particularly challenging day at work. Following Gabby’s lead, I took deep breaths and began reframing the situation in my mind: focusing on the passing trees, the beautiful cloudless sky, and ripening grain fields swaying in the breeze. In under ten seconds, I felt my stress disintegrate as together we sang “Frere Jacques” the rest of the way home.

What was the most amazing about this story is not how I was able to relieve my stress so quickly—I often use methods of quick visualization to reframe situations that are distressful and make them more manageable, usually in just a few seconds. What was really amazing is how much Gabby Jeanne has in common with medical doctors, nurses, sports psychologists, and even the Dalai Lama in her approach to stress management through biofeedback methods. During clinical visualization sessions, medical practitioners employ deep-breathing methods to instigate an initial positive mindset, through multisensory imagery experiences and positive self-statements that enhance their patients’ feeling of relaxation and refocus negative mindsets.

For this chapter, I would like to address the use of visualization and deep-breathing techniques within...

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