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What Is Sustainable Journalism?

Integrating the Environmental, Social, and Economic Challenges of Journalism

Edited By Peter Berglez, Ulrika Olausson and Mart Ots

This edited volume, which elaborates on the idea and concept of sustainable journalism, is the result of a perceived lack of integral research approaches to journalism and sustainable development. Thirty years ago, in 1987, the Brundtland Report pointed out economic growth, social equality and environmental protection as the three main pillars of a sustainable development. These pillars are intertwined, interdependent, and need to be reconciled. However, usually, scholars interested in the business crisis of the media industry tend to leave the social and environmental dimensions of journalism aside, and vice versa. What Is Sustainable Journalism? is the first book that discusses and examines the economic, social and environmental challenges of professional journalism simultaneously. This unique book and fresh contribution to the discussion of the future of journalism assembles international expertise in all three fields, arguing for the necessity of integral research perspectives and for sustainable journalism as the key to long-term survival of professional journalism. The book is relevant for scholars and master’s students in media economy, media and communication, and environmental communication.


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Part Two: Society in Focus


Society in Focus p a r t t w o i n t r o d u c t i o n Rather than starting from the philosophy of liberal or social responsibility theories of the press, professional journalists in the early 21st century generally seem to start from the philosophy of development media theory: it seems as if they subordinate their freedom of expression, or media freedom in general, to the requirements of economic development (Siebert et al. 1956; McQuail 2005). Or put differently, to the perpetuation of the Western-led neoliberal capitalist global social order. While neoliberal globalization has in no small part contributed to setting the world (both literally and figuratively) ablaze with mass migration as a result, leading Western news media have been incapable of producing discourses that make this visible and thus subject of debate. Quite to the contrary, in the context of the financial- economic crisis of 2008–2009 austerity policies have been legitimized under the banner of TINA (“There Is No Alternative”), with massive unemployment numbers and increasing poverty levels as a result in multiple European countries (Andersson 2012; Phelan 2014; Raeijmaekers and Maeseele 2014). Political voices that attempt to reveal and denounce what is going on, such as Bernie Sanders (US), Jeremy Corbyn (UK), Syriza (Greece) or Podemos (Spain), are systemati- cally neglected and stigmatized by political elites and the mainstream news media that report on them (Cammaerts et al. 2016; Kyriakidou and Garcia-Blanco 2016; Maeseele and Raeijmaekers 2016; Patterson 2016). Journalism and...

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