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PAR EntreMundos

A Pedagogy of the Américas


Edited By Jennifer Ayala, Julio Cammarota, Margarita I. Berta-Ávila, Melissa Rivera, Louie F. Rodríguez and María Elena Torre

PAR EntreMundos: A Pedagogy of the Américas challenges the standard narratives of "achievement" to think about how Latinx students can experience an education that forges new possibilities of liberation and justice. Growing Latinx student populations have led to concerns about "assimilating" them into mainstream academic frameworks. This book offers an alternative, decolonizing approach that embraces complex Latinx identities and clears a path toward resisting systems of oppression. Educating Latinx students should involve more than just helping them achieve in school but rather having them recognize their agency to transform the larger structure of education to promote justice-oriented practices. The authors offer a framework for such transformation by honoring their theoretical lineages, proposing a set of guiding principles, and sharing stories about collective social action within and outside Latinx communities. PAR EntreMundos: A Pedagogy of the Américas is a practice of liberation and freedom.

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Part I: Roots & Principles of PAR EntreMundos


·Part I·

Roots & Principles of PAR EntreMundos

In Part I of this text, we present to the reader theoretical lineages we identify as informing a PAR EntreMundos approach in the context of education. The EntreMundos concept, drawn from the late Gloria Anzaldúa’s borderlands theorizing (1987), is linked to the approach of PAR (Torre & Ayala, 2009) and elaborated upon in relation to formal and informal education spaces. We describe PAR’s southern hemisphere ancestry, and draw from literatures on critical race theory, feminist approaches, and spiritual activisms/indigenous cosmologies to inform and contextualize the PAR pedagogies we advocate for here. Building on these traditions, as well as a growing literature on PAR, we articulate the ways in which this PAR approach addresses the social, economic, and political conditions of our lives alongside the transformative work within the bodymindspirit (Lara, 2002) space. From these literatures, we developed a set of principles that are meant to be used as a guide for the development of PAR projects that fit an EntreMundos framework.←17 | 18→


Anzaldúa, G. (1987/1999). Borderlands la frontera: The new mestiza. San Francisco, CA: Spinsters/Aunt Lute.

Lara, I. (2002). Healing suenos for academia. In G. Anzaldúa & A. Keating (Eds.), This bridge we call home: Radical visions for transformation (pp. 433–438). New York, NY: Routledge.

Torre, M. E., & Ayala, J. (2009). Envisioning participatory action research entremundos. Feminism & Psychology, 19, 387.←18 | 19...

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