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The Profound Limitations of Knowledge


Fred Leavitt

The Profound Limitations of Knowledge explores the limitations of knowledge and argues that neither reasoning nor direct or indirect observations can be trusted. We cannot even assign probabilities to claims of what we can know. Furthermore, for any set of data, there are an infinite number of possible interpretations. Evidence suggests that we live in a participatory universe—that is, our observations shape reality.
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Appendix 3: Scientific Facts and Theories That Were Once Believed but Are Now Considered False



Most diamonds are formed from compressed coal.

Diamonds are compressed and heated 90 miles below the surface of the Earth. Coal is found about 2 miles below the Earth’s surface.

Dinosaurs died off because of a volcano.

Most scientists now believe that an asteroid impact killed them off.

There is a lot of genetic difference between the races.

There are larger genetic differences between Africans than there are between Africans and Eurasians.

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