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Regional Discourses on Society and History

Shaping the Caribbean

Edited By Jerome Teelucksingh and Shane Pantin

This book thematically analyses and surveys areas of Caribbean history and society. The work is divided into three parts: part one addresses migration and identity; part two explores policy and development; and part three explores music and literature. The volume places a fresh perspective on these topics. The essays depart from the usual broader themes of politics, economics and society and provide a deeper insight into forces that left a decisive legacy on aspects of the Caribbean region. Such contributions come at a time when some of the Caribbean territories are marking over 50 years as independent nation states and attempting to create, understand and forge ways of dealing with critical national and regional issues. The volume brings together a broad group of scholars writing on Caribbean issues including postgraduate students, lecturers, and researchers. Each chapter is thematically divided into the aforementioned areas. This book addresses areas much deeper than the linear historical and social science models, and it offers Caribbean academics and researchers a foundation for further research.

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7. Crisis of Governance in Small States: Leadership and Ideology in the Anglophone Caribbean (Kerry Sumesar-Rai)


7. Crisis of Governance in Small States: Leadership and Ideology in the Anglophone Caribbean

Kerry Sumesar-Rai

The emergent crisis in governance in the small states of the Caribbean is not a modern phenomenon, but a continuation of a situation that came into being post Columbus’s intervention into the region. The crisis centres on the quality, types, kinds and patterns of leadership that have been exercised in these states. The leadership crisis as well as the crisis in governance in part is due to the ideological perspectives held by the leaders and the manner in which these leaders governed their societies. The crisis in governance in the Anglophone Caribbean is directly dependent on two factors: leadership and ideology.

The study of leadership and ideology in the Caribbean in the context of governance can be carried out at two levels. The first part of the study involves the investigation of the political issues where class segmentation and the role of the elites in directing the affairs of the state are instrumental in dictating the type of governance practised. The second level of study involves a much more complex scenario where alongside the class and elite concerns there is also ethnicity as a major factor in the politics of at least two states Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago. In light of these dimensions the study includes an assessment of four countries: Guyana, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines and Trinidad and Tobago.

Trinidad and...

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