Understanding the Issues Facing Today’s African Americans from a Social Work Perspective
Barriers to Rebuilding the African American Community explores the major threats and roots affecting both America’s most racially polarized periods as well as the major issues plaguing the African American community. The author provides intelligent insight into the deeper roots of America’s long history and struggle with racism as well as the solution. The author shows how a background investigation of medical science, culture, and social policy can propel or subdue an entire people group, and examines research on A.C.E.S. (Adverse Childhood Experiences), which affects all communities regardless of race. This book is an exciting and well-researched exposeì into one of America’s most electrifying socio-political movements.
2 The Unarmed Paradigm
2The Unarmed Paradigm
In times past, there was often a fervent and compelling reason for the escalating use of force by law enforcement personnel. In the 1990s, gang violence was at an all-time high throughout the United States, especially in cities with high rates of poverty and unemployment. Federal, state, and local government agencies made committed attempts to suppress gang-related violence and its subsequent criminal behavior. Increased police patrols, more frequent arrests, and harsher punishments were some of the common methods used to suppress violence.
As a result, the United States of America has the highest rate of incarceration in the world, amounting to a total of approximately 6.8 million people living in correctional facilities at one point in 2014. According to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), “in 2014, African Americans constituted 2.3 million, or 34% of the total 6.8 million correctional population. African Americans are incarcerated at more than five times the rate of whites and the imprisonment rate for African American women is twice that of white women. Nationwide, African American children represent 32% of children who are arrested, 42% of children who are detained, and 52% of children whose cases are judicially waived to criminal court (7).”
However, despite the escalation of police presence in urban communities, stricter enforcement of local laws, particularly those related to the possession and ←9 | 10→use of illegal drugs, and higher rates of incarceration, there were relatively few police killings...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.