Cities as Communicative Change Agents
Edited By erin daina mcclellan, Yongjun Shin and Curry Chandler
10. Playing Outside: The Transformation of Children’s’ Urban Play: SUSAN J. DRUCKER, HOFSTRA UNIVERSITY, U.S. & GARY GUMPERT, EMERITUS, QUEENS COLLEGE, CUNY, U.S.
10. Playing Outside: The Transformation of Children’s’ Urban Play
SUSAN J. DRUCKER & GARY GUMPERT
The nature of playing outside has radically changed—the factors are complex, but the reality is unquestionably true. Data supports the observation that the street as a creative playground has disappeared. Games have become organized, scheduled and supervised. Some explanations are apparent: increased automobile traffic, the addiction to computer games, the rise of the helicopter parent, the municipal regulation of play, the loss of community, and the parental cell phone control of children. Safety in play spaces has become a priority. Cities are stimulating, bustling, varied, lively, unpredictable, and risky. They can expose one to hazards and threats. They can simultaneously enrich and endanger. Today, the minimization of risk and need to create safe spaces, particularly to protect children from potential harm, has become paramount. This chapter will explore the patterns of urban play and the social, communicative and regulatory forces at work in the changing landscape of urban play.
Keywords: play, games, safety, regulation, children’s rights, design, recreation, risk
In 1560, the extraordinary Pieter Breugel the Elder depicted the games children played within a village in “Children’s Games.”
Physically energetic and imaginatively engaged girls and boys are everywhere in Bruegel’s busy painting. Some are using their bodies, others are playing with children and/or with toys (e.g., windmill; hoops). Here are some examples. Three boys mounted on a red fence...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.