Written by an expert with more than 30 years of experience in system and control theories, Sociology, Politicians, and Human Nature presents a structural approach to macrosociological systems that describes pre cisely the dynamics of societal systems. The author provides an innovative presentation of the theoretical aspects of societal systems dynamics. This book enriches readers knowledge about human societies, their development and moving forces, and it enables readers to filter and better understand social media information.
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- New York, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Oxford, Wien, 2021. XVI, 306 pp., 1 b/w ill.
- About the author
- About the book
- This eBook can be cited
- 1 System Approach to Macrosociology
- Specifics of Sociological Models
- Basic Structural Components of Social Systems
- Interpretation of the Well-Being Criterion
- Organized Religion and Societal Structure
- 2 Lessons of History
- Hunting and Gathering Society
- Pastoral Societies
- Horticultural Societies
- Agricultural Societies
- Industrial Societies
- Post-Industrial Societies
- 3 Societal Dynamics and Ideology
- Basic Role of Government and Dynamics of the Administrative Unit
- Dynamics of Ideology
- How to Evaluate Societal Progress
- 4 Pyramidal Societal Structures
- Formation of Pyramidal Societal Structures
- Reasons of Evolution of the Pyramidal Societal Structures
- Reasons of Unsuccessful Premature Transformations
- Formation and Destruction of Pseudo Democratic Societal Structures
- Modernized Autocratic Structures
- 5 Democratic Societal Structures
- Capitalist Societal Structure
- Socialism vs Capitalism
- Mixed Democratic Societal Structures
- 6 Globalization and Politics
- Economic Globalization
- Political Globalization
- Cultural Globalization
- Nationalism and Globalism
- Global Labor Organizations
- 7 Human Nature and Politics
- Trade as a Political Tool
- Media as a Political Tool
- Social Control
- 8 Urgent Social Problems
- 9 Difficulties to Keep Being the World’s Superpower
- About the Author
7 Human Nature and Politics
“Politics doesn’t corrupt people, people corrupt politics.”
The words human nature are widely used by many psychologists, linguists, and biologists, not to mention philosophers and scholars. However, there exists no a rigorous definition of this term, and this leaves a lot of space for improvisation depending on the area in which this term is used.
The first theories concerning human nature belong to Plato and Aristotle. Plato considered humans as rational social animals, and he connected our nature with our souls and ability to reason, rather than with our bodies. Aristotle believed that both body and soul contributed to our human identity. English political philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679), known as the father of political science, considered human nature as humans in “the state of nature” (what we would now call indigenous peoples and what corresponds to hunter-gatherer populations). Descartes (1596–1650) expanded Plato’s ideas, describing people ←185 | 186→as thinking spirits. Darwin believed that humans had come from predecessors and were another form of primate, so that human characteristics are a product of nature. Like Darwin, Marx believed that humans are characterized by their species’ traits more than a spiritual character, and human nature is revealed through the natural progression of history. Freud (1856–1939) believed that the central part of human nature is as a result of id (the part of the mind in which innate instinctive impulses and primary processes are manifest) and the control of human decisions by...
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