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Sociology, Politics, and Human Nature

Rafael Yanushevsky

Written by an expert with more than 30 years of experience in system and control theories, Sociology, Politicians, and Human Nature presents a structural approach to macrosociological systems that describes pre cisely the dynamics of societal systems. The author provides an innovative presentation of the theoretical aspects of societal systems dynamics. This book enriches readers knowledge about human societies, their development and moving forces, and it enables readers to filter and better understand social media information.

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7 Human Nature and Politics

Extract

“Politics doesn’t corrupt people, people corrupt politics.”

—Amit Kalantri

The words human nature are widely used by many psychologists, linguists, and biologists, not to mention philosophers and scholars. However, there exists no a rigorous definition of this term, and this leaves a lot of space for improvisation depending on the area in which this term is used.

The first theories concerning human nature belong to Plato and Aristotle. Plato considered humans as rational social animals, and he connected our nature with our souls and ability to reason, rather than with our bodies. Aristotle believed that both body and soul contributed to our human identity. English political philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679), known as the father of political science, considered human nature as humans in “the state of nature” (what we would now call indigenous peoples and what corresponds to hunter-gatherer populations). Descartes (1596–1650) expanded Plato’s ideas, describing people ←185 | 186→as thinking spirits. Darwin believed that humans had come from predecessors and were another form of primate, so that human characteristics are a product of nature. Like Darwin, Marx believed that humans are characterized by their species’ traits more than a spiritual character, and human nature is revealed through the natural progression of history. Freud (1856–1939) believed that the central part of human nature is as a result of id (the part of the mind in which innate instinctive impulses and primary processes are manifest) and the control of human decisions by...

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