Chapter 3 Student Activities 53
CHAPTER 3 Student Activities Athletic Programs Colleges and universities in the cu rrent c ompetitive en vironment a re expected to present to their students a panoply of ath letic opportunities. These broadly include: (1) co mpetitive inte r-institutional p rograms, typi cally u nder th e au spices o f the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), (2) inter-mural activities, and (3) fitness oppo rtunities. The i nstitution that lacks any one of these i s l ikely to find itself at a severe competitive disadvantage vis a vis it s peer competitors. Each o f these l evels o f athl etic activity posed its own pa rticular challenge s to university administrators. Ho wever, the y shar e in common several legal issue s: (a) stud ent eligibility; (b) discrimination considerations; (c) liability for injuries. Student Eligibility At the level of inter-collegiate athletic competition, our discussion will be limited to the NCAA. The non-profit organization boasts more than 1,000 member colleges and universities. These schools are divided among Divisions I, II and III. Division I See chart on following page. Handbook for Student Law for Higher Education Administrators 54 Student Activities 55 Division II Source: National Collegiate Athletic Association [http://www.ncaa.org] © National Collegiate Athletic Association, 2009. All rights reserved. Division III NCAA Division III is the competitive level that does not grant athletic scholar- ships. It is typically identified with small colleges that place special emphasis on the “scholar-athlete.” In the NCAA’s own words, “Colleges and universities...
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