Chapter 8 Physical, Mental, and Learning Disabilities 195
CHAPTER 8 Physical, Mental, and Learning Disabilities Overview “Today, there are more st udents with documented d isabilities in h igher educa- tion t han e ver before— 140,142 freshme n report ed ha ving a disability i n 1 996 (HEATH Resource Center, 1998). That figure represents over 9% of all fresh- men (HEATH Resourc e Center, 1 998), as co mpared with only 2.6% in 19 78 (HEATH Resource Center, 1995). Although the process has been slow, colleges and universities (hereafter referred to as ‘11 colleges’) have made their programs more and m ore accessible, sometimes in good fai th, sometimes due to coercion by federal agencies and courts. Only modest progress was made between 1973 (the passage of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act) and 1990 (the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act; ADA); however, once the ADA was passed and amended and regulations were promulgated, institutions that had made little or no progress in making their buildings and programs accessible increased their efforts. Presumabl y, this i ncrease i n pa rt is beca use of the sli ghtly bro ader coverage of the ADA, publicity surrounding the passage of the ADA, an increase in the number of administrative appeals and lawsuits, and growth in the number of students requesting accommodation. The greater demand for a ccommodation can be attributed primarily to the fact that many current college students received either an Individualized Education Program (IEP; as is required by the Individu- als wit...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.