Chapter 10 International Students 231
CHAPTER 10 International Students Since the middle of the last century, students from around the globe have flocked to the United States, more than to any other nation, for their higher education. As with tourists and temporary workers, U.S. immigration policy prior t o 9/11 was casual when it came to international students. Visa authorizations were issued on multi-copy forms, which f oreigners t ook to U.S. e mbassies a nd cons ulates, where visas were issued with little or no fanfare. Armed with student visas, tens of th ousands of al iens en tered t he U.S. annually, ma ny to disappear in to the general population. Their “host” colleges and universities had no obligation to report their failure to arrive as expected on campus. As with s o much else, the terrorist attacks of Se ptember 11, 2001, changed all that. Some of thos e who hija cked and drove airliners into the World Trade Center and the Pentagon held student visas. Some had actually studied a t U.S. flight schools on those visas. In the aftermath of t his worst attack on U.S. soil , the Immi gration a nd Natur alization S ervice was s plit int o a vis a-processing service, the U.S. Citize nship a nd Immigrat ion Servi ce (USCIS) and, as an enforcement branch, the U.S. Immigration a nd Cus toms Enf orcement (ICE) Agency. A ne w computer-based program is now the o nly way in whi ch institu- tions of higher...
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