Desire and Limits for Intellectuals in Twentieth-Century Mexican Fiction
Chapter 5. Subcomandante Marcos’ Performance:
Chapter 5 Subcomandante Marcos’ Performance: Intellectual Consciousness and Appropriation On January 1st, 1994, when NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) went into effect, the Zapatista revolutionary resistance group, EZLN (Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional) rose up armed, in several cities in Chiapas, with whatever weapons they could find (hunting rifles, machetes, stakes, etc.), in order to fight for their rights to land access to which poor peasants and indigenous people under the ejido law of 1992 (Hayden 2–3) had been deprived.1 As one of the subcommanders of EZLN, Subcomandante Marcos led this insurgency and fought with the Zapatista soldiers. Since that uprising, Marcos has been responsible for divulging the motives and purpose of the insurrection and for articulating the necessity of continuing their resistance movement, to both the rest of Mexico and the international public audience through his writings posted in the internet and newspapers. Ilan Stavans, quoting Marcos’ words, “[m]y job is to make wars by writing letters,” indicates that Marcos is “[n]ot a politician but a storyteller—an icon knowledgeable in iconography, the new art of war, a pupil of Marshall McLuhan” (“Unmasking” 50).2 In fact, he has become internationally recognized as “an icon” of and a spokesperson for the EZLN by using his weapons of pen/keyboard and printing/electronic media to disseminate indigenous Chiapanecans’ struggles and battles against the Subcomandante Marcos’ Performance 100 Mexican government’s pro-NAFTA propaganda and anti-Zapatista operation. Although the Mexican government has uncovered Marcos’ identity as Rafael Sebastián...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.