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TV News Anchors and Journalistic Tradition

How Journalists Adapt to Technology

Kimberly Meltzer

Through the lens of TV news anchors, this book examines the impact that television news has had on traditional journalistic standards and practices. While TV news anchors boost the power, adulation, and authority of journalism in general, internally, the journalistic community feels that anchors undermine many key journalistic values. This book provides a historical overview of the impact they have had on American journalism, uncovering the changing values, codes of behavior, and boundaries of the journalistic community. In doing so, it reveals that challenges to journalistic standards provide an opportunity to engage in debate that is central to maintaining journalism’s identity, and demonstrate the ability of the community to self-regulate. The result is that news anchors are kept in check by the community, and the community is prompted to reexamine itself and evolve. The book’s findings also offer suggestions for thinking about how journalists are dealing with the latest technological challenges posed by the internet and mobile technology.

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Appendix 1 181

Extract

Appendix 1 Textual Sampling Methodology All articles that were returned from the searches described below were considered for relevance by evaluating both headlines and the full text of articles. All relevant articles were saved to an electronic database, except for those that were exact duplicates of articles that appeared in more than one place. For example, AP articles were often run in several major and minor newspapers. In these cases, only one copy of the article was saved in the database, but a notation was made of its occurrence in other venues. Boolean Search Terms In varying combinations: “television,” “news,” “anchor(s),” “newscaster(s),” “reporter(s),” “journalist,” “broadcaster” and individual anchors’ names. LexisNexis—full-text searches Search of All Major U.S. Newspapers Available through LexisNexis The Major Papers search feature through LexisNexis includes, but is not limited to, the following: Washington Post since 1977 USA Today since 1989 New York Times—abstracts since 1969; articles since 1980 LA Times—past six months Boston Globe since 1988 Atlanta Journal-Constitution since 1991 Searches of Major Papers were performed for the following time intervals: 1950–1960 1960–1970 1970–1980 1981–1985 Yearly after 1985 through 2006 as searching for more than a year at a time returned too many items. TV News Anchors and Journalistic Tradition 182 Search of Time Inc. Publications through LexisNexis All publications from 2003 through 2006. Searches only returned items from 2003 onward, even though engine claims to go back to 1996. Search of All Magazines and Journals through...

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