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Mediated Girlhoods

New Explorations of Girls’ Media Culture

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Edited By Mary Celeste Kearney

Mediated Girlhoods: New Explorations of Girls’ Media Culture is the first anthology devoted specifically to scholarship on girls’ media culture. Taking a cultural studies approach, it includes analyses of girls’ media representations, media consumption, and media production. The book responds to criticisms of previous research in the field by including studies of girls who are not white, middle-class, heterosexual, or Western, while also including historical research. Approaching girlhood, media, and methodology broadly, Mediated Girlhoods contains studies of previously unexplored topics, such as feminist themes in teen magazines, girlmade memory books, country girlhoods, girls’ self-branding on YouTube, and the surveillance of girls via new media technologies. The volume serves as a companion to Mediated Boyhoods: Boys, Teens, and Young Men in Popular Media and Culture, edited by Annette Wannamaker.

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13 Girls Talk Tech: Exploring Singaporean Girls’ Perceptions and Uses of Information and Communication Technologies Sun Sun Lim and Jemima Ooi 243

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thIrteen Girls Talk Tech: Exploring Singaporean Girls’ Perceptions and Uses of Information and Communication Technologies Sun Sun Lim and Jemima Ooi Singapore is a highly mediatized society where the government has avidly pro-moted the adoption of information and communication technologies (ICTs). It has the world’s highest broadband Internet penetration rate, at 99.9 percent (W. Tan), and mobile phone subscriptions stand at over 5.9 million (Infocomm Development Authority), exceeding the country’s population of 4.6 million (Sta- tistics Singapore). Within Singapore schools, ICT use is incorporated into 30 percent of curriculum time through its use in instruction, online learning portals and interactive educational games (Koh). The vast majority of schools are state- run, coming under the purview of the Ministry of Education, which promotes ICT use in schools by providing network infrastructure, hardware, and curricular support. Math and science are heavily emphasized in Singapore’s national cur- riculum, and female university enrollment in such disciplines as computing and engineering does not lag behind male enrollment as compared to other countries, such as Australia, New Zealand, and the U.S. (Galpin). To support the growing adoption of information technology (IT) in Singa- pore’s rapidly modernizing economy, the government has sought to incorporate IT training into schools, from primary to tertiary levels. Computing facilities are comprehensive, with the ratio of pupils to computers at 6.6:1 in primary schools and 5:1 for secondary and pre-university schools, respectively (Ministry of Education). Teachers are also encouraged to actively use ICTs as a teaching and learning tool by...

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