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Franz Rosenzweig’s Rational Subjective System

The Redemptive Turning Point in Philosophy and Theology

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Alin V. Bontas

Franz Rosenzweig’s The Star of Redemption is best understood as a rational subjective system, and as such, as the redemptive turning point in philosophy and theology in general. In asserting Rosenzweig’s essential commitment to a «new» systematic conception of thinking as the most basic, deepest, and comprehensive intellectual procedure, Franz Rosenzweig’s Rational Subjective System sheds light on the extensive method of the Star and shows it to be rooted in a fundamental rethinking of the methodological and logical-metaphysical resources of Kant, most especially of the transcendent metaphysics of the psychological, cosmological, and theological substances (i.e., the «threefold nothing», or entia rationis). The true radicality and originality of Rosenzweig, Bontas claims, is the exposition of the «rational subjective» approach to substance and knowledge on the «logical form» of the hypothetical thought (i.e., the modal relation of logical consequence between original and non-natural ground and phenomenal consequence, that positively establishes the wholly final and non-ideal destinations of redemption), which valorizes the alliance between pure reason and revelation disrupted by the Kantian epistemology. The title, The Star of Redemption, indicates exactly this long rational and not exclusively mundane «new systematic principle» of coherent and reliable knowledge, which is ultimately shown to be «true» and «right» from a «self-examining» subjective perspective and thereby justified.

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Index 313

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Index absolute freedom divine freedom as, 144–45 existence of, 69–70 humanistic reduction of, 131–36 logical meaning of, 138–39 noumenal metaphysics of, 129–31 Ages of the World (Schelling), 94, 97, 98 the “All” all-encompassing, 90, 238 death and, 24, 121 internalized, 10 presumed immediate access of, 5, 7 verification and justification of, 295–96 wholly final, 217–18 wholly primordial, 25 all at once “Yes” completion of World as, 156 eternal present and, 158 natural causality and, 159–60 original freedom in God, 170 renewal of Soul as, 240 Allison, Henry, 133 Alston, William P., 164 Ameriks, Karl on apperception, 177 on Reinhold’s interpretation of Kant, 110–11 subjective vs. dynamic objective, 43 transcendental idealism, 19 anthropomorphism, 188–89 apperception, 177 Aquinas, Thomas, 99, 164 Aristotle, 128, 214 artificiality, of Idealism, 4–5, 21, 62 Assel, Heinrich, 170 Augustinus, Aurelius, 52, 157 autobiographical historical time, 185–86, 192 autonomy of reason, 90 theonomy vs., 193–95, 213 transcendental freedom and, 69–73 Batnitzky, Leora, 188–89 belief hypothetical logical, 31–32, 296–97 legitimating background, 11–15, 233–34, 254 logical and not solely epistemological, 17–21 pure reason and not solely epistemological, 21, 29 rational and not solely natural, 46–47, 78–79, 270–72 biblical anthropomorphism, 188–89 biblical monotheism, 291–93 “blind particular in general”, 120 Böehme, Jakob, 95–96 Breazeale, Daniel, 111 category of community, 280–87 causality “Humanity” as final, 204, 205–11 transcendental freedom and, 69–73 universal reciprocal,...

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