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Tertullian’s Use of the Pastoral Epistles, Hebrews, James, 1 and 2 Peter, and Jude


Mark A. Frisius

In Tertullian’s Use of the Pastoral Epistles, Hebrews, James, 1 and 2 Peter, and Jude, Mark A. Frisius establishes that Tertullian (a third-century theologian) only used the Pastoral Epistles, Hebrews, and 1 Peter, although he at least knew of Jude. It is further demonstrated that he had no knowledge of James or 2 Peter, which has a distinct bearing on the emergence of the New Testament canon. Tertullian interprets these five texts in various ways, but always with an eye toward confrontational discourse. The author assesses Tertullian’s varying interpretive principles and also considers the effects of Montanism on his interpretive procedures. In conclusion, Frisius demonstrates that the Pastoral Epistles, Hebrews, and 1 Peter provided Tertullian with significant material for his theological controversies. This book, in addition to being a resource for scholars, is also useful in senior level and graduate courses on ancient biblical interpretation.


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Preface vii


i interest, and Dr. Steven O‘Malley fanned the flame. Thank you also to my fellow faculty members at Olivet Nazarene University, who have served as a constant source of encouragement and support. My family played a large role in the completion of this book, and I write this work in memory of our daughter, Abigail Faith, and in honor of our son, Eli Eun Joon. Finally, thanks is due to my wife, Ellen, who has spent many a lonely evening and weekend while her husband stared at a computer screen contemplating the thought of a long dead man. Her patience, perseverance, and encouragement have meant the world to me, and I hereby dedicate this project to her!

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