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Tertullian’s Use of the Pastoral Epistles, Hebrews, James, 1 and 2 Peter, and Jude

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Mark A. Frisius

In Tertullian’s Use of the Pastoral Epistles, Hebrews, James, 1 and 2 Peter, and Jude, Mark A. Frisius establishes that Tertullian (a third-century theologian) only used the Pastoral Epistles, Hebrews, and 1 Peter, although he at least knew of Jude. It is further demonstrated that he had no knowledge of James or 2 Peter, which has a distinct bearing on the emergence of the New Testament canon. Tertullian interprets these five texts in various ways, but always with an eye toward confrontational discourse. The author assesses Tertullian’s varying interpretive principles and also considers the effects of Montanism on his interpretive procedures. In conclusion, Frisius demonstrates that the Pastoral Epistles, Hebrews, and 1 Peter provided Tertullian with significant material for his theological controversies. This book, in addition to being a resource for scholars, is also useful in senior level and graduate courses on ancient biblical interpretation.

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List of Abbreviations xi

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ABBREVIATIONS Ancient Authors and Works (Biblical, Apocryphal, and Pseudepigraphical Texts are abbreviated according to traditional standards.) Act. Pet. Acta Petri Ambrose of Milan In Tit. In Titum Aristides Apol. Apologia Athenagoras of Athens Leg. Legatio pro Christianis Augustine of Hippo Conf. Confessionum libri XIII Doct. Chr. De Doctrina Christiana Ep. Epistulae Haer. De haeresibus Jo. ev. tr. In Johannis evangelium tractatus Cicero Rhet. Herr. Rhetorica ad Herrenium Clement of Alexandria Paed. Paedagogus Strom. Stromata Clement of Rome 1 Clem. Prima Epistula Clementis 2 Clem. Epistula Secunda Clementis Cyprian of Carthage Ep. Epistulae Test. Testimonia Did. Didache Ep. Barn. Epistula Barnabae Ep. Diog. Epistula ad Diognetum Abbreviations xii Epiphanius of Salamis Pan. Panarion omnium haeresium Eusebius of Caesarea H.E. Historia ecclesiastica Hermas Herm. Mand. Shepherd of Hermas, Mandate Herm. Sim. Shepherd of Hermas, Similitude Hilary of Poitier Comm. Matt. Commentariorum in evangelium Matthaei Hippolytus Ap. Trad. The Apostolic Tradition Phil. Philosophumena Ref. Refutatio Omnium Haeresium Ignatius of Antioch Ign. Eph. Ignatius, To the Ephesians Ign. Magn. Ignatius, To the Magnesians Ign. Phld. Ignatius, To the Philadelphians Ign. Smyrn. Ignatius, To the Smyrnaeans Irenaeus of Lyons Adv. Haer. Adversus haereses Ep. Epidexis Jerome Comm. Ezek. Commentarium in Ezekiel Comm. Isa. Commentarium in Isaiam Ep. Epistulae Vir. ill. De Viris illustribus John Chrysostom Hom. 2 Tim. Homiliae in epistulam 2 ad Timotheus Justin Martyr 1 Apol. Apologia I 2 Apol. Apologia II Dial. Dialogus cum Tryphone Lucian Mort. Per. De morte Peregrini M. Perp. Passio Perpetuae et Felicitatis Origen Cels. Contra Celsum Comm....

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