Tracing the Changes in Presidential Address and Power
APPENDICES Appendix A: Varying Words/Phrases Considered As Policy Proposal/Advocacy The following excerpts from the State of the Union Addresses of each president represent different ways in which policies were proposed in that address. The cases below illustrate that some presidents of the 20th century proposed policy in ways very similar to those propositions of the founding and 19th century. In addition, these samples represent the guidelines that were followed with regard to counting policy proposals in the State of the Union Address. These guidelines are outlined in Chapter 1. If a president directly made a “recommendation” of any kind, it would be counted as a policy pro- posal. This includes statements such as “I recommend,” or “it is recom- mended.” Suggestions by the presidents were also counted as policy propositions. Statements such as “I suggest that,” or “it is strongly sug- gested” were seen as very clear policy proposals originating from the Ad- dress. In addition, statements such as “it is important that,” “you must,” “we ought to,” “it is desirable that,” “I feel that,” “it is necessary,” “we cannot neglect,” “it is essential that,” “you need to,” “you can,” “the Congress should,” or any use of the words must, will, should, could, would, have to, or shall were good indicators of places where policy proposal might be found. After observing terminology that might suggest policy proposal, it was important to determine whether or not an actual policy was being proposed. If the statement contained recommendations to actions upon which...
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