The Rise of a Levantine Community, 1860s-1930s
4 Who Controls Jewish Education? 149
CHAPTER FOUR Who Controls Jewish Education? . . . control of the Alliance must not pass to the community council; a French institution must not become the institution of a community in the Levant. (French Official) From now on, we will have only one goal: To free ourselves from the yoke of your [the Alliance] society. (Kemal Helwani as cited by Sidi) In January 1927, the Jewish newspaper Al-‛Alam al-Isra'ili (The Jewish World) published a piece entitled, “Union and Merger between the Alliance Schools and Selim Tarrab School.”1 Its writer questioned the need for the community’s Talmud-Torah school, which provided free education to poor children. The school had become, he argued, a heavy financial burden on the community budget. The community council had made great efforts to finance the school. Therefore, the Alliance had agreed to admit poor students in return for a small fee that the community would pay. The writer suggested that merging the two institutions and unifying their educational programs would release the community from its heavy financial burden. The newspaper published this piece as part of a wider debate sur- rounding the question of Jewish education that developed in the Jew- ish community throughout the 1920s. Beirut had two Jewish schools. Inspired by the revival of Jewish nationalism, the Talmud-Torah de- veloped as a Hebrew national school that emphasized Modern He- brew.2 The Alliance school, on the other hand, emphasized French language and culture. Moreover, it followed the idea that Jews should integrate with their host societies...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.