The Semiotics of Discourse in Dante’s "Commedia</I>
Glossary of Theoretical Terms and Expressions 229
glossary of theoretical terms and expressions Abduction: “is the process of forming explanatory hypothes[e]s. It is the only logical operation which introduces any new idea.” (Peirce, CP, V.171) It is a form of “Insight” because it conforms to the class of operations to which “perceptive judgment” belongs. Actant: is the author and/ or the reader of the poetic text insofar as they are both engaged in the actualization of language. The Greimasian term “act- ant”, based on his “actantial model” refers to one of the concurring compo- nents, which helps to analyze the real or thematized action of a text. In this work it mostly corresponds to the actual reader. Category: is a “model of organized semantic universe” (Umberto Eco, Semiotics and the Philosophy of language, 106). It is the taxonomy and the pecu- liar way in which we organize the world around us by means of innumerable forms of segmentation reflecting such categories. Content level/content plane: is that which refers to the content of a sign and requires correlation with the expression level/expression plane. Such a process is called codification of the two levels or bi-planar characteristic of the sign. In semiotics, the content or the object of signification must always be taken as a cultural unit, and not as an actual referent of the sign. Taken as an actual referent of the sign, it would produce a referential fallacy. De Benedict_Glossary.indd 229 22/11/11 10:28 AM 230 wordly wise Creative abduction: is the act by...
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