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The Marquis de Sade as a Key Figure of Enlightenment

How His Crystal Genius Still Speaks to Today’s World and Its Major Problems

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Moussa Traore

The Marquis de Sade as a Key Figure of Enlightenment: How His Crystal Genius Still Speaks to Today’s World and Its Major Problems discusses how the Marquis de Sade (1740-1814) stretched the dimensions of reputation and notoriety nearly obscuring his mastery in literature and philosophy while braving the Ancien Régime and Revolutionary France’s «age of iron [hell]» with unheard-of determination to be read and taken seriously as not just a writer and a contributing citizen but as an engaged educator, a committed philosopher, and an uncompromisingly fierce moralist. Sade has been a strange combination of what society dreads and what it needs most for its salvation: mature enlightenment that is not afraid to see and face real problems so that there can be solutions. This book stresses how the literary and intellectual public needs to reconnect with the moral gems of this demon(ized) man, nowadays more so than ever, to explain our most critical issues and to reiterate the long-standing solutions Sade professed from the 1780s through the early nineteenth century. This work not only reestablishes the creative, literary, and intellectual Sade, it critically stages and highlights the philosophical Marquis as a world citizen trapped between theories of social classes and a loose-fitting messianism. It is evident throughout the work how Sade’s deep concerns for humanity flatly contradict the popular rhetoric (of wickedness and perversion) recycled and amplified since his first writing days. The Marquis de Sade as a Key Figure of Enlightenment offers a new perspective on this complex writer and on the intimate workings of our human world. It is a valuable resource for courses on French literature, eighteenth-century studies, the Enlightenment, literary criticism, and gender and sexuality studies.

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Preface ix Abbreviations xiii I——INTRODUCTION 1 Preliminary 1 Sade: The Person, the Writer, the Scholar, the Character, the Philosopher, His Mission, His Fate, His Influence... 3 II——CASE STUDY—A: Cahiers Personnels and Etre Suprême: Sade‟s Sense of the Writer and His Duty beyond Art and Easy Readers 45 III——THEMATIC CONSIDERATION—A: Sade and Genuine, Scholarly Readership 51 Sade and Reality: Of an Actually Dark, Confused Society in an Age of “Enlightenment” 53 Sade‟s Eye on Religion: Reality, Idea, Myth and Worth 61 Sade and Sense: Of Wisdom and Philosophy beyond the Stories 72 IV——CASE STUDY—B: Les infortunes de la vertu: Sade‟s Romance of His 18th Century Society, and the Making of Modernity 83 V——THEMATIC CONSIDERATION—B: Sade and His Historical Environment: Provence between Reality and Fiction in La Marquise de Gange 131 VI——CASE STUDY—C: Idée sur les Romans; Eugénie de Franval; Dorgeville 139 Idée sur les Romans: A Scholarship on Human Culture, History, Letters and Meaning 139 Eugénie de Franval: One Side of a Moral and Religious Sade 144 Dorgeville: Another Moral Sade Reading Excess Virtue as a Path to Criminal Consequences 163 viii The Marquis de Sade as a Key Figure of Enlightenment VII——THEMATIC CONSIDERATION—C & CASE STUDY—D: Sade and Psychoanalysis: Faxelange and La Marquise de Gange 171 Of Psychoanalysis: Sade and the Pioneering of Modernity through Individual Psychology and Social Relations 171 Faxelange and the Advising Power of a Dream...

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