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Queering Iberia

Iberian Masculinities at the Margins

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Josep M. Armengol

Questioning the traditional association between machismo and Hispanic culture, this collection of essays focuses on revisiting archetypes of masculinity from medieval Iberia to the present by placing them in the context of the divergent counter-images that have always existed below the radar. The essays in this volume investigate both the construction and de-construction of masculinity in Iberian cultures and literatures from different genres and historical periods and from different disciplines (literary studies, film studies, art, religion, visual culture, etc.) and methodological perspectives (masculinity studies, feminist theory, queer studies, cultural studies, etc.). Queering Iberia is particularly concerned with exploring alternative models that examine or challenge canonical models of manhood, placing special emphasis upon re-visions of Iberian masculinities, especially as they are manifested in Catalonia, the Basque country, Galicia, and the Americas. This book starts off from the critical assumption that rethinking masculinities from these counterpoints will contribute different perspectives on the topic, and that by exploring Iberian cultures through masculinities new aspects of the relationships among these cultures can be understood. Queering Iberia will be of interest to courses on queer, gender, and masculinity studies as well as Hispanic cultures and literatures.

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5 Masculinities in Crisis: A Tíguere, a Military Figure, and a Sanky-panky as Three Models of Being a Man in the Dominican Republic - Elena Valdez 113

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CHAPTER 5 Masculinities in Crisis: A Tíguere, a Military Figure, and a Sanky-panky as Three Models of Being a Man in the Dominican Republic Elena Valdez Rutgers University In recent years, the ways of conceptualizing masculinity in the Dominican Republic have undergone a significant shift due to multiple changes to the political situation. The presidential elections in 1996 marked the end of the (post-)Trujillo government, and put into crisis the normative masculinity particular to Trujillo’s totalitarian regime, whose main representatives were military men and police officers. The 1990s were also the years of the economic restructuring and the growth of the tourism industry in the Dominican Republic, which have become recurrent topics in the recent narrative. Sex tourism perpetuates patterns of economic dependency and stimulates migration based on affectionate relations. Its participants negotiate power through sexuality and contribute to the creation of new identities and configurations of gender, sexuality, and race. In this study, I will address the principal models of Dominican masculinity embodied in a tíguere, a sanky-panky, and a military male figure. While these are not the only categories for discussing Dominican masculinity, they are ones which are the most emblematic of the crises and changes they have undergone.1 First, I will explore how these models are interconnected among themselves and transfigured in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Second, I will show how the contemporary Dominican narrative sheds light on the complex dynamics of constructing these images of masculinity. I will use the concrete example...

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