Iberian Masculinities at the Margins
Edited By Josep M. Armengol
5 Masculinities in Crisis: A Tíguere, a Military Figure, and a Sanky-panky as Three Models of Being a Man in the Dominican Republic - Elena Valdez 113
CHAPTER 5 Masculinities in Crisis: A Tíguere, a Military Figure, and a Sanky-panky as Three Models of Being a Man in the Dominican Republic Elena Valdez Rutgers University In recent years, the ways of conceptualizing masculinity in the Dominican Republic have undergone a significant shift due to multiple changes to the political situation. The presidential elections in 1996 marked the end of the (post-)Trujillo government, and put into crisis the normative masculinity particular to Trujillo’s totalitarian regime, whose main representatives were military men and police officers. The 1990s were also the years of the economic restructuring and the growth of the tourism industry in the Dominican Republic, which have become recurrent topics in the recent narrative. Sex tourism perpetuates patterns of economic dependency and stimulates migration based on affectionate relations. Its participants negotiate power through sexuality and contribute to the creation of new identities and configurations of gender, sexuality, and race. In this study, I will address the principal models of Dominican masculinity embodied in a tíguere, a sanky-panky, and a military male figure. While these are not the only categories for discussing Dominican masculinity, they are ones which are the most emblematic of the crises and changes they have undergone.1 First, I will explore how these models are interconnected among themselves and transfigured in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Second, I will show how the contemporary Dominican narrative sheds light on the complex dynamics of constructing these images of masculinity. I will use the concrete example...
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