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Verbal Aspect, the Indicative Mood, and Narrative

Soundings in the Greek of the New Testament

Series:

Constantine R. Campbell

Verbal aspect in Ancient Greek has been a topic of significant debate in recent scholarship. In this book, Constantine R. Campbell investigates the function of verbal aspect within New Testament Greek narrative. He argues that the primary role of verbal aspect in narrative is to delineate and shape the various ‘discourse strands’ of which it is constructed, such as mainline, offline, and direct discourse. Campbell accounts for this function in terms of the semantic value of each tense-form. Consequently, in the search for more effective conclusions and explanations, he challenges and reassesses some of the conclusions reached in previous scholarship. One such reassessment involves a boldly innovative approach to the perfect tense-form.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

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List of Figures..................................................................................................xi Series Editor Preface.....................................................................................xiii Author’s Preface ............................................................................................ xv List of Abbreviations.................................................................................... xvii Introduction .......................................................................... 1 1. The problem of verbal aspect................................................................1 2. Where are we?.......................................................................................2 3. Discourse analysis and Greek narrative ................................................3 4. The search for an aspectual model of the Greek verbal system ............5 5. Implications...........................................................................................5 Chapter One: Methodological Issues........................................ 7 1. Introduction ..........................................................................................7 2. Terminology..........................................................................................8 3. Linguistic assumptions ........................................................................16 4. Pragmatics and semantics ...................................................................24 5. Determining aspect .............................................................................28 6. Limitation of sources ...........................................................................30 7. Conclusion ..........................................................................................33 Chapter Two: The Present Tense-form .................................. 35 1. Introduction ........................................................................................35 2. Aspectual value....................................................................................35 3. Present usage and function..................................................................37 4. Remoteness and proximity..................................................................48 VERBAL ASPECT, THE INDICATIVE MOOD, AND NARRATIVE viii 5. The historical present..........................................................................57 6. Conclusion ..........................................................................................76 Chapter Three: The Imperfect Tense-form............................. 77 1. Introduction ........................................................................................77 2. Aspectual value....................................................................................77 3. Imperfect usage and function..............................................................79 4. Imperfectivity and remoteness ...........................................................84 5. Conclusion ........................................................................................101 Chapter Four: The Aorist Tense-form ...................................103 1. Introduction ......................................................................................103 2. Perfective aspect ................................................................................103 3. Aorist usage and function..................................................................108 4. Perfectivity and remoteness...............................................................115 5. Conclusion ........................................................................................125 Chapter Five: The Future Tense-form ...................................127 1. Introduction ......................................................................................127 2. Future usage and function.................................................................127 3. Aspectual value..................................................................................134 4. Future temporal reference.................................................................151 5. Discourse analysis..............................................................................158 6. Conclusion ........................................................................................159 Chapter Six: The Perfect Tense-form ....................................161 1. Introduction ......................................................................................161 2. Traditional approaches .....................................................................162 3. Stative aspect .....................................................................................166 4. Perfect usage and function ................................................................175 5. Aspectual value..................................................................................184 6. Heightened proximity .......................................................................195 7. Conclusion ........................................................................................210 Chapter Seven: The Pluperfect Tense-form ...........................213 1. Introduction ......................................................................................213 2. Pluperfect usage and function ...........................................................213 3. Aspectual value..................................................................................224 TABLE OF CONTENTS ix 4. Heightened remoteness...

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