Soundings in the Greek of the New Testament
Chapter Three: The Imperfect Tense-form 77
CHAPTER THREE The Imperfect Tense-form 1. Introduction The role of the imperfect indicative tense-form in narrative texts is investigated in this chapter, as is its grammatical semantics. First, the imperfective aspect of the imperfect indicative is affirmed here, in accord with general consensus. Second, usage of the imperfect in our source texts is investigated, demonstrating that it is primarily a narrative proper tense-form but also occurs in second-class conditional sentences in John. In order to account for the patterns of usage displayed by the imperfect, a theory is postulated regarding the grammatical semantics of the verb. There is a brief discussion regarding the pragmatic temporal reference of the imperfect indicative with an excursus on the meaning of the augment. The two major narrative proper uses of the imperfect indicative are then explored, and it is concluded that our postulated theory is capable of explaining the use of the imperfect in both offline and mainline clauses. Finally, the appearance of the imperfect in second-class conditional sentences is unfolded and explained by the proposed grammatical semantics of the verb, which also helps to explain the rare appearance of the imperfect within discourse. 2. Aspectual value As with the present indicative, there is a consensus regarding the imperfective aspect of the imperfect tense-form; imperfective aspect is grammaticalized in the imperfect indicative as a semantic value. As defined in chapter two, imperfective aspect is an internal viewpoint ‘without reference to the beginning or end-point of the action, but with a focus instead on its...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.