3 Predications of Gender-Based Imagery 55
CHAPTER THREE Predications of Gender-Based Imagery The first strategy of anyone who puts forth a metaphor in predication about a pronoun is to pick a domain of equivalence whose members have some apt shock value when applied to a pronoun and give perspec- tive by incongruity. James W. Fernandez, Persuasions and Performances ender-based imagery is the most common metaphorical category in Hosea. Both female and male imagery are present in the text, but while the female imagery has received considerable atten- tion, the male imagery has been neglected. Both types, however, can be illuminated by the application of masculinity studies. After providing a brief survey of the ways masculinity theory has begun to be used within biblical studies, I will look closely at the gender imagery in Hosea. The female imagery divides into two sub-categories: female as subject and female as object. I analyze the male imagery with respect to seven differ- ent markers, which can be divided into sexual relationships and potency images. With both female and male imagery I focus on their implications for the construction of masculinity. Finally, I examine how the predica- tion of the gender imagery on the male audience affects its position in social space, as defined by the three axes of activity, potency, and good- ness. Masculinity Studies of the Bible Biblical scholars have begun to see masculinity studies as a useful way to probe the text. Ancient Israel shares characteristics with some of the so- cieties mentioned in the previous chapter, which...
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